Annual report pursuant to Section 13 and 15(d)

Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

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Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
12 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2016
Accounting Policies [Abstract]  
Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Note 1 – Summary of Significant Accounting Policies  
 
Nature of Business
 
3DIcon Corporation (“3DIcon”) was incorporated on August 11, 1995, under the laws of the State of Oklahoma as First Keating Corporation. The articles of incorporation were amended August 1, 2003 to change the name to 3DIcon Corporation. The initial focus of First Keating Corporation was to market and distribute books written by its founder, Martin Keating. During 2001, First Keating Corporation began to focus on the development of 360-degree holographic technology. From January 1, 2001, 3DIcon’s primary activity has been the raising of capital in order to pursue its goal of becoming a significant participant in the development, commercialization and marketing of next generation 3D display technologies.
 
Coretec Industries, LLC (“Coretec”), a wholly owned subsidiary of 3DIcon (collectively the “Company”), was organized on June 2, 2015 in the state of North Dakota. Coretec is currently developing, testing, and providing new and/or improved technologies, products, and service solutions for energy-related industries including, but not limited to oil/gas, renewable energy, and distributed energy industries. Many of these technologies and products also have application for medical, electronic, photonic, display, and lighting markets among others. Early adoption of these technologies and products is anticipated in markets for energy storage (Li-ion batteries), renewable energy (BIPV), and electronics (Asset Monitoring).
 
Reverse Acquisition
 
On May 31, 2016, 3DIcon entered into a Share Exchange Agreement (the “Share Exchange Agreement”) with Coretec and four Coretec members (the “Members”), which Members held all outstanding membership interests in Coretec. On September 30, 2016 (the “Closing Date”), the Company closed the transaction contemplated by the Share Exchange Agreement. Pursuant to the Share Exchange Agreement, the Members agreed to sell all their membership interests in Coretec to 3DIcon in exchange for 3DIcon’s issuance of an aggregate 4,760,872 shares of 3DIcon’s Series B Convertible Preferred Stock to the Members (the “Exchange”). Coretec became a wholly-owned subsidiary of 3DIcon and the former Members beneficially own approximately 65% of 3DIcon’s common stock on a fully-diluted basis. Upon the closing of the Share Exchange Agreement, two of 3DIcon’s Directors resigned and three new Directors associated with Coretec were nominated and elected, giving control of the board of directors to former Coretec Members. The 65% holders of 3DIcon common stock will be unable to sell that stock for a period of one year under the terms of a lock-up agreement reached between the parties. Victor Keen, the largest shareholder of 3DIcon prior to the reverse acquisition, is also a participant in the lock-up agreement.
 
Basis of Presentation
 
Under accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP”), the acquisition is treated as a “reverse acquisition” under the purchase method of accounting (see Note 2). The consolidated statements of operations herein reflect the historical results of Coretec prior to the completion of the reverse acquisition since it was determined to be the accounting acquirer, and do not include the historical results of operations for 3DIcon prior to the completion of the acquisition. The pre-merger December 31, 2015 balance sheet presented herein reflects the assets and liabilities of Coretec. 3DIcon’s assets and liabilities were consolidated with the assets and liabilities of Coretec as of the September 30, 2016 consummation of the acquisition and are included in the consolidated balance sheet as of December 31, 2016. The number of shares issued and outstanding and additional paid-in capital of 3DIcon have been retroactively adjusted to reflect the equivalent number of shares issued by 3DIcon in the Share Exchange Agreement, while Coretec’s historical members’ deficit is being carried forward as the Company’s accumulated deficit. All costs attributable to the reverse merger were expensed.
 
Principles of Consolidation
 
The consolidated balance sheet as of December 31, 2016 includes the accounts of 3DIcon and its wholly owned subsidiary, Coretec. The consolidated balance sheet as of December 31, 2015 reflects only the assets and liabilities of Coretec. The consolidated statements of operations and cash flows for the year ended December 31, 2016 include the accounts of Coretec for the entire year and the accounts of 3DIcon from September 30, 2016, the acquisition date, to December 31, 2016. The consolidated statements of operations and cash flows for the period from inception (June 2, 2015) to December 31, 2015 include the accounts of Coretec. Intercompany transactions and balances have been eliminated in consolidation.
 
Reclassification
 
Certain amounts in prior periods have been reclassified to conform to the current period presentation. These reclassifications had no effect on previously reported net loss.
 
Use of Estimates
 
The preparation of consolidated financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues, expenses and the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities. Actual results could differ from the estimates and assumptions used.
 
Property and Equipment
 
Property and equipment are recorded at cost. Depreciation is recorded over the estimated useful lives using the straight-line method. Maintenance and repairs are expensed as incurred; major improvements and betterments are capitalized.
 
Estimated useful lives of property and equipment are as follows for the major classes of assets:
 
Asset Description
  
Estimated Lives
Furniture and fixtures
 
7 years
 
Intangible Assets
 
Intangible assets consist primarily of acquired patents. The Company acquired $1,400,000 of intangible assets in conjunction with the reverse acquisition discussed in Note 1 and Note 2. Intangible assets with finite lives are amortized on a straight-line basis over their useful lives.
 
Goodwill
 
Goodwill was acquired with the reverse merger discussed in Note 1 and Note 2. The Company evaluates the carrying value of goodwill on an annual basis and between annual evaluations if events occur or circumstances change that would more likely than not reduce the fair value of goodwill below its carrying amount. When assessing whether goodwill is impaired, management considers first a qualitative approach to evaluate whether it is more likely than not the fair value of the goodwill is below its carrying amount; if so, management considers a quantitative approach by analyzing changes in performance and market based metrics as compared to those used at the time of the initial acquisition. For the periods presented, no impairment charges were recognized.
 
Long-Lived Assets
 
Long-lived assets, such as property and equipment and intangible assets, are reviewed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable. If circumstances require a long-lived asset or asset group be tested for possible impairment, the Company first compares undiscounted cash flows expected to be generated by that asset or asset group to its carrying value. If the carrying value of the long-lived asset or asset group is not recoverable on an undiscounted cash flow basis, impairment is recognized to the extent that the carrying value exceeds its fair value. Fair value is determined through various valuation techniques including discounted cash flow models, quoted market values and third party independent appraisals, as considered necessary.
 
Fair Value of Financial Instruments
 
The following methods and assumptions were used to estimate the fair value of each class of financial instrument held by the Company:
 
Current assets and current liabilities - The carrying value approximates fair value due to the short maturity of these items.
 
Notes payable - The fair value of the Company's notes payable has been estimated by the Company based upon the liability's characteristics, including interest rate. The carrying value approximates fair value.
 
Basic and Diluted Loss Per Common Share
 
Basic loss per common share is computed by dividing net loss by the weighted average number of vested common shares outstanding during the period. Diluted earnings per share reflects the potential dilution that could occur if securities or other instruments to issue common stock were exercised or converted into common stock. Since the Closing Date of the Share Exchange Agreement occurred on September 30, 2016 and no common stock was issued to Coretec in the reverse acquisition, the Company did not compute weighted average common shares outstanding for the period from inception (June 2, 2015) to December 31, 2015.
 
The following securities are excluded from the calculation of weighted average dilutive common shares because their inclusion would have been anti-dilutive:
 
 
 
December 31,
 
 
 
2016
 
2015
 
Options
 
 
22,973,131
 
 
-
 
Warrants
 
 
19,568,318
 
 
-
 
Series A convertible preferred stock
 
 
34,500,000
 
 
-
 
Series B convertible preferred stock
 
 
12,552,672,330
 
 
9,112,309,008
 
Convertible debentures
 
 
8,014,940,004
 
 
-
 
Total potentially dilutive shares
 
 
20,644,653,783
 
 
9,112,309,008
 
 
Research and Development
 
Research and development costs are expensed as incurred. Research and development costs amounted to approximately $301,000 and $5,000 for the year ended December 31, 2016 and the period from inception (June 2, 2015) to December 31, 2015, respectively.
 
Income Taxes
 
The Company accounts for income taxes under an asset and liability approach that requires the recognition of deferred tax assets and liabilities for the expected future tax consequences of events that have been recognized in the Company’s consolidated financial statements or tax returns. In estimating future tax consequences, the Company generally considers all expected future events other than enactments of changes in tax laws or rates. The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates will be recognized as income or expense in the period that includes the enactment date. A valuation allowance is established when necessary to reduce deferred tax assets to the amount expected to be realized.
 
Prior to the reverse acquisition, Coretec elected to be taxed as a Partnership for federal and state income tax purposes. Under this election substantially all of the profits, losses, credits and deductions of Coretec were passed through to the individual members. Therefore, prior to the reverse acquisition, no provision or liability for income taxes has been included in these consolidated financial statements.
 
Prior to the reverse acquisition, 3DIcon’s tax benefits were fully offset by a valuation allowance due to the uncertainty that the deferred tax assets would be realized.  Management considers the likelihood of changes by taxing authorities in its filed income tax returns and recognizes a liability for or discloses potential changes that management believes are more likely than not to occur upon examination by tax authorities. Management has not identified any uncertain tax positions in filed income tax returns that require recognition or disclosure in the accompanying consolidated financial statements.
 
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
 
The following is a summary of recent accounting pronouncements that are relevant to the Company:
 
In February 2016, the FASB issued accounting standards update (ASU) No. 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842) intended to increase transparency and comparability among companies by requiring most leases to be included on the balance sheet and by expanding disclosure requirements. This is effective for public business entities for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim periods within those fiscal years. Early application is permitted for all public business entities and all nonpublic business entities upon issuance. The Company is currently evaluating the impact that this new guidance may have on its consolidated results of operations, cash flows, financial position and disclosures.
 
In April 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-03, Interest – Imputation of Interest (Subtopic 835-30), Simplifying the Presentation of Debt Issuance Costs. The amendments in ASU 2015-03 require that debt issuance costs related to a recognized debt liability be presented on the balance sheet as a direct deduction from the carrying amount of that debt liability, consistent with debt discounts. The recognition and measurement guidance for debt issuance costs are not affected by this update. The provisions of ASU 2015-03 are effective for financial statements issued for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2015, and interim periods within those fiscal years. The guidance in this ASU is to be applied on a retrospective basis. The adoption of this standard did not have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial position and results of operations.
 
The FASB has issued ASU 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers. This ASU supersedes the revenue recognition requirements in FASB ASC 605 - Revenue Recognition and most industry-specific guidance throughout the Codification. The standard requires that an entity recognizes revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the company expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. On July 9, 2015, the FASB deferred the effective date of ASU No. 2014-09 from annual periods beginning after December 15, 2016 to annual periods beginning after December 15, 2017. This ASU should be applied retrospectively to each prior reporting period presented or retrospectively with the cumulative effect of initially applying the ASU recognized at the date of initial application. The adoption of this standard is not expected to have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial position and results of operations. 
 
The FASB has issued ASU 2014-12, Compensation - Stock Compensation (ASC Topic 718): Accounting for Share-Based Payments When the Terms of an Award Provide That a Performance Target Could Be Achieved after the Requisite Service Period. This ASU requires that a performance target that affects vesting, and that could be achieved after the requisite service period, be treated as a performance condition. As such, the performance target should not be reflected in estimating the grant date fair value of the award. This update further clarifies that compensation cost should be recognized in the period in which it becomes probable that the performance target will be achieved and should represent the compensation cost attributable to the period(s) for which the requisite service has already been rendered. The amendments in this ASU are effective for annual periods and interim periods within those annual periods beginning after December 15, 2015. The adoption of this standard did not have a material impact on the Company's consolidated financial position and results of operations.
 
In August 2014, the FASB issued ASU 2014-15, Presentation of Financial Statements – Going Concern (Subtopic 205-40): Disclosure of Uncertainties about an Entity’s Ability to Continue as a Going Concern. This ASU explicitly requires management to evaluate, at each annual or interim reporting period, whether there are conditions or events that exist which raise substantial doubt about an entity’s ability to continue as a going concern and to provide related disclosures. The standard is effective for annual periods ending after December 15, 2016, and annual and interim periods thereafter, with early adoption permitted. The adoption of this standard did not have a material impact on the Company's consolidated financial position and results of operations.
 
In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-01, Business Combinations (Topic 805): Clarifying the Definition of a Business. This ASU provides a screen to determine when a set is not a business. The screen requires that when substantially all of the fair value of gross assets acquired (or disposed of) is concentrated in a single identifiable asset or a group of similar identifiable assets, the set is not a business. The amendments in this ASU are effective beginning after December 15, 2017, including interim periods within those periods and should be applied prospectively. The Company does not anticipate that the adoption of this standard will have a material impact on its consolidated financial position and results of operations.
 
In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-04, Intangibles – Goodwill and Other (Topic 350): Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment. This ASU simplifies the subsequent measurement of goodwill by eliminating Step 2 from the goodwill test. Under Step 2, an entity had to perform procedures to determine the fair value at the impairment testing date of its assets and labilities following the procedure that would be required in determining the fair value of assets acquires and labilities assumed in a business combination. Instead, an entity should perform its annual, or intern, goodwill impairment test by comparing the fair value of a reporting unity with its carrying amount. The amendments in this ASU are effective beginning after December 15, 2019, however early adoption is permitted beginning January 1, 2017 and should be applied on a prospective basis. The Company does not anticipate that the adoption of this standard will have a material impact on its consolidated financial position and results of operations.
 
Uncertainties
 
The Company has realized a cumulative net loss of $880,104 for the period from inception (June 2, 2015) to December 31, 2016, negative working capital of $496,100, and no revenues. These conditions raise substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern for a year following the issuance of these consolidated financial statements. The Company has insufficient revenue and capital commitments to fund the development of its planned products and to pay operating expenses.
 
The ability of the Company to continue as a going concern depends on the successful completion of the Company's capital raising efforts to fund the development of its planned products. The Company intends to continue to raise additional capital through debt and equity financings. There is no assurance that these funds will be sufficient to enable the Company to fully complete its development activities or attain profitable operations. There is no assurance that these funds will be sufficient to enable the Company to fully complete its development activities or attain profitable operations. If the Company is unable to obtain such additional financing on a timely basis or, notwithstanding any request the Company may make, the Company’s debt holders do not agree to convert their notes into equity or extend the maturity dates of their notes, the Company may have to curtail its development, marketing and promotional activities, which would have a material adverse effect on the Company’s business, financial condition and results of operations, and ultimately the Company could be forced to discontinue its operations and liquidate.
 
The accompanying consolidated financial statements have been prepared in conformity with U.S. GAAP, which contemplates the continuation of the Company as a going concern and the realization of assets and satisfaction of liabilities in the normal course of business. The carrying amounts of assets and liabilities presented in the consolidated financial statements do not necessarily purport to represent realizable or settlement values. The consolidated financial statements do not include any adjustments that might result from the outcome of this uncertainty.
 
Under the terms of the Golden State Equity Investors, Inc (“Golden State”) 4.75% Convertible Debenture due on December 31, 2016, subsequently extended to June 1, 2017, Golden State is obligated to submit conversion notices in an amount such that Golden State receives 1% of the outstanding shares of the Company every calendar quarter for a period of one year. In connection with each conversion, Golden State is expected to simultaneously exercise a percentage of warrants equal to the percentage of the principal being converted. The warrants are exercisable at $381.50 per share. The number of warrants exercisable is subject to certain beneficial ownership limitations contained in the 4.75% Convertible Debenture (“the Beneficial Ownership Limitations”). The Beneficial Ownership Limitations prevent Golden State from converting on the 4.75% Convertible Debenture or exercising warrants if such conversion or exercise would cause Golden State’s holdings to exceed 9.99% of the Company’s issued and outstanding common stock. Subject to the Beneficial Ownership Limitations and provided that Golden State is able to sell the shares under Rule 144, Golden State is required to convert $85.71 of the 4.75% Convertible Debenture and exercise 857 warrants per month. Based upon the current stock price, the issued and outstanding shares as of December 31, 2016 and ignoring the impact of the Beneficial Ownership Limitations, the Company may receive up to $327,000 per month in funding for the duration of the debenture from Golden State as a result of warrant exercises. Additionally, the Company has issued 1,481,754,533 common shares of the authorized 1,500,000,000 common shares, leaving a balance of 18,245,467 common shares available to be issued.