Annual report pursuant to section 13 and 15(d)

Summary of Significant Accounting Policies (Policies)

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Summary of Significant Accounting Policies (Policies)
12 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2012
Accounting Policies [Abstract]  
Research and development

Research and development

 

Research and development costs, including payments made to the University of Oklahoma pursuant to the Sponsored Research Agreement, are expensed as incurred (see Note 4).

Stock-based compensation

Stock-based compensation

 

The Company accounts for stock-based compensation arrangements for employees in accordance with Accounting Standards Codification ("ASC") No. 718, Compensation-Stock Compensation. The Company recognizes expenses for employee services received in exchange for stock based compensation based on the grant-date fair value of the shares awarded. The Company accounts for stock issued to non-employees in accordance with the provisions of ASC No. 718.

Income taxes

Income taxes

 

The Company accounts for income taxes in accordance with ASC No. 740, Income Taxes. This standard requires the recognition of deferred tax assets and liabilities for the estimated future tax consequences attributable to temporary differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases. In addition, this standard requires the recognition of future tax benefits, such as net operating loss carry forwards, to the extent that realization of such benefits is more likely than not. The amount of deferred tax liabilities or assets is calculated using tax rates in effect for the year in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rate is recognized in income in the period that includes the enactment date. Valuation allowances are established when necessary to reduce deferred tax assets to the amounts more likely than not to be realized.

Net loss per common share

Net loss per common share

 

The Company computes net loss per share in accordance with ASC No. 260, Earnings Per Share. Under the provisions of this standard, basic net loss per common share is based on the weighted-average outstanding common shares. Diluted net loss per common share is based on the weighted-average outstanding shares adjusted for the dilutive effect of warrants to purchase common stock and convertible debentures. Due to the Company's losses, such potentially dilutive securities are anti-dilutive for all periods presented. The weighted average number of potentially dilutive shares is 3,288,156 and 2,053,322 for the years ended December 31, 2012 and 2011, respectively.

Use of Estimates

Use of estimates

 

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with U. S. generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues, expenses and the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities. Actual results could differ from the estimates and assumptions used.

Debt issue costs

Debt issue costs

 

The Company defers and amortizes the legal and filing fees associated with long-term debt that is issued. These costs are primarily related to the convertible debentures, the majority of which have a one to three-year term. The amortization is charged to operations over the one to three-year term and then adjusted quarterly for debenture conversions to common stock.

Fair value of financial instruments

Fair value of financial instruments

 

The following methods and assumptions were used to estimate the fair value of each class of financial instrument held by the Company:

 

Current assets and current liabilities– The carrying value approximates fair value due to the short maturity of these items.

 

Debentures payable– The fair value of the Company's debentures payable has been estimated by the Company based upon the liability's characteristics, including interest rate. The carrying value approximates fair value.