UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

Form 10-K

 

(Mark One)

 

x ANNUAL REPORT UNDER SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

FOR THE FISCAL YEAR ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2015

 

¨   TRANSITION REPORT UNDER SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

FOR THE TRANSITION PERIOD FROM __________ TO __________

COMMISSION FILE NUMBER 000-54697

 

3DICON CORPORATION

(Name of small business issuer in its charter)

 

OKLAHOMA 73-1479206
(State or other jurisdiction of (I.R.S. Employer
incorporation or organization) Identification No.)

 

6804 South Canton Avenue, Suite 150, Tulsa, OK 74136

(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)

 

Issuer's telephone Number: (918) 494-0505

 

Securities registered under Section 12(b) of the Exchange Act: None.

 

Securities registered under Section 12(g) of the Exchange Act: None

 

Indicate by check mark is the issuer is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.

Yes  ¨  No  x

 

Indicate by check if the issuer is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act.

Yes  ¨  No   x

 

Indicate by check mark whether the issuer (1) filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act during the past 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes   x   No     ¨

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes   x  No    ¨

 

Indicate by check if disclosure of delinquent filers in response to Item 405 of Regulation S-K (§229.405 of this chapter) is not contained herein and will not be contained, to the best of registrant's knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K.   ¨

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company.  See the definitions of "large accelerated filer", "accelerated filer", and "smaller reporting company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer   ¨ Accelerated filer  ¨
Non-accelerated filer  ¨ Smaller reporting company  x

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).

Yes  ¨  No   x

 

The aggregate market value of the voting and non-voting common equity held by non-affiliates, computed by reference to the average bid and asked price of such common equity as of June 30, 2015 was $760,304.

 

As of March 30, 2016, the issuer had 1,384,399,001 outstanding shares of Common Stock.

 

   

 

  

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE: NONE

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

    Page  
  PART I 3
Item 1. Business 3
Item 1A. Risk Factors 8
Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments 15
Item 2. Properties 15
Item 3. Legal Proceedings 15
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosure 15
     
  PART II 15
Item 5. Market for Common Equity and Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities 15
Item 6. Selected Financial Data 18
Item 7. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations 18
Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk 25
Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data 25
Item 9. Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure 25
Item 9A. Controls and Procedures 25
Item 9B. Other Information 26
     
  PART III 26
Item 10. Directors, Executive Officers, Promoters and Control Persons; Compliance With Section 16(A) of the Exchange Act 26
Item 11. Executive Compensation 29
Item 12. Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters 30
Item 13. Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence 31
Item 14. Principal Accountant Fees and Services 31
     
  PART IV 33
Item 15. Exhibits 33

 

 2 

 

  

PART I

 

ITEM 1. BUSINESS

 

Organizational History 

 

3DIcon Corporation was incorporated on August 11, 1995, under the laws of the State of Oklahoma as First Keating Corporation. Our articles of incorporation were amended August 1, 2003 to change the name to 3DIcon Corporation. The initial focus of First Keating Corporation was to market and distribute books written by its founder, Martin Keating. During 2001, First Keating Corporation began to focus on the development of 360-degree holographic technology. The effective date of this transition was January 1, 2001. We accounted for this transition as a reorganization and accordingly, restated its capital accounts as of January 1, 2001. At the inception on January 1, 2001, our primary activity was the raising of capital in order to pursue its goal of becoming a significant participant in the formation and commercialization of interactive, optical holography for the communications and entertainment industries.

 

In April 2004, we engaged the University of Oklahoma (the “University” or “OU”) to conduct a pilot study to determine the opportunity and feasibility for the creation of volumetric three dimensional display systems.

 

On July 15, 2005, we entered into a Sponsored Research Agreement (“SRA”) with the University, which expired on January 14, 2007. Under this agreement, the University conducted a research project entitled "Investigation of 3-Dimensional Display Technologies".

 

On February 23, 2007, we entered into an SRA with the University, which expired on March 31, 2010. Under this agreement, the University conducted a research project entitled "3-Dimensional Display Development".

 

In the fourth quarter of 2007 we announced the release of our first product, "Pixel Precision". On

February 12, 2009, version 2.0 of Pixel Precision was released to expand capabilities and provide new compatibility with Texas Instrument's newly released DLP® Discovery 4000 kits.  This is a companion software application to the DMD Discovery line of products manufactured by Texas Instruments®. Further development of this product was ended in 2015.

 

In July 2013, the Company was awarded a two year grant from OCAST. This was the second $300,000 grant received from OCAST. The first grant was completed in August 2012. This matching grant was for a total of $300,000 and commenced September 1, 2013. The Company received $5,122 in funding during the year ended December 31, 2015. The funds were being used to support the development of the Company’s first Product Platform, which will be the basis for a family of products based on the Company’s CSpace® volumetric 3D display technology.

 

The grant was cancelled in March 2015 upon the resignation of Dr. Hakki Refai, the principal investigator under the grant.

 

Overview of Business

 

3DIcon is a small public company that is further developing a patented volumetric 3D display technology that was developed by and with the University under an SRA. The development to date has resulted in multiple new technologies, two working laboratory prototypes (Lab Proto 1 and Lab Proto 2), and eight provisional patents; five of the eight provisional patents have been combined and converted to five utility patents. Under the SRA, the Company has obtained the exclusive worldwide marketing rights to these 3D display technologies.

 

 

 

Figure 1 - Lab Proto 1 Image

 

On May 26, 2009, the United States Patent and Trademark Office ("USPTO") approved the patent called "Volumetric Liquid Crystal Display" for rendering a three-dimensional image and converted it to US patent No. 7,537,345. On December 28, 2010, USPTO approved the patent called “Light Surface Display for Rendering a Three-Dimensional Image,” and issued the United States Patent No. 7,858,913.  On August 21, 2012, the USPTO approved a continuation patent called “3D Volumetric Display” and issued the US Patent No. 8,247,755. These patents describe the foundation of what we are calling our CSpace® technology (“CSpace”).

 

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Volumetric

 

The Company plans to commercialize the CSpace volumetric 3D technology through a combination of government funded research and development contracts, joint development agreements with industry partners and technology licensing agreements with companies like Raytheon, Boeing, Lockheed Martin, Siemens, and General Electric for high value applications in military planning, cyber data analysis, battlespace visualization, oil and gas exploration and medical imaging. Although we do not have any definitive agreements in place that provide for such funding, we believe that the Federal Government would be interested in entering into funded arrangements based on past and existing discussions our management have had with Federal Government Program Managers. Likewise, we believe that Industry would be interested in entering into joint development agreements that could ultimately lead to licensing agreements. For example, Raytheon, Boeing and Schott Defense have provided letters of support for government grants that we have applied for, indicating their interest in working with us on the specific project if the grant were to be awarded. We have no formal agreements or commitments from Boeing or Raytheon beyond these initial discussions. We have had similar interactions with a number of companies, such as Lockheed, Honeywell, General Electric, Florida Institute of Human and Machine Cognition (IHMC), Cleveland Clinic, ShuffleMaster, etc. regarding our CSpace technology.

 

The above commercialization plan depends on our ability to convince potential customers (Government and Industry) that products based on our technology will meet their requirements and that the technical risk in developing products based on our technology will be acceptable to these potential customers. We are targeting high value applications that typically require products to be customized to the customer’s application. Since we understand the capabilities and limitations of CSpace better than potential customers, it is not unusual for this type of customer to ask the technology developer (in this case 3DIcon) to do most or part of the product development for or with the customer in exchange for funding by the customer. In 2016, we plan to continued to solicit the Federal Government and Industry to enter into customer-funded development contracts to develop our technology for or with those customers. Our goal is to generate sufficient funding from such arrangements that would meet or exceed the incremental costs of developing product prototypes for or with customers. If we are successful in completing the initial product prototypes on a timely basis, it is possible that the Company could generate licensing revenues from our CSpace technology beginning in the fourth quarter of 2017 . The Company believes that it has an experienced display industry and management team with a proven track record of successfully commercializing multiple display technologies to move our CSpace technology strategy forward.

 

 

 

Figure 2 - CSpace Architecture

 

In March of 2012, the Company implemented a new evolutionary, step-by-step commercialization strategy for the CSpace volumetric display technology. Under this strategy we are developing multiple staged prototypes with successively higher performance (brightness, resolution, and image size). Lab Proto 2 is a working prototype with significant improvements over Lab Proto 1 and was completed in October 2012. Our technical team increased the image size of Lab Proto 2 by a factor of eight (8x) and the brightness of the image by a factor of five (5x). Taken together with the 50 times higher brightness already achieved, Lab Proto 2 is 250 times (250x) brighter than Lab Proto 1.  Because of the larger image size and the much higher brightness, we achieved much higher effective resolution as well. Lab Proto 3, while not complete, is already 80 times brighter than Lab Proto 2 and more than 2,000 times brighter than Lab Proto 1.  Most of the engineering work (optics, electronics and software) is complete, and the focus is now on the image space materials.  

    

The goals for Lab Proto 3 are to develop a lower cost and more scalable image chamber material (specialty glass), to enhance imagine brightness by ten (10x) by utilizing a new scanning system, and to use that new material to construct an even larger image chamber than was demonstrated for Lab Proto 2.  Part of our Joint Development Agreement (“JDA”) with Schott Defense (“Schott”) and our efforts to secure federal funding are aimed at accelerating the process of securing a scalable material for CSpace’s image space. 

 

Delays have been incurred in the efforts to seek the best possible solution to the material required for the image space.  Our federal funding strategy and JDA with Schott are specifically targeted at securing this material, though they have failed to provide the necessary capital to date.

  

We believe that Lab Proto 3 will enable the Company to credibly engage with potential customers and secure customer funded development contracts to develop even larger and higher resolution product prototypes. If we are successful in securing customer funded development contracts, we anticipate the development of various product prototypes, the first of which we have been calling the Trade Show Prototype. It is likely that in exchange for funding of the TradeShow Prototype, our initial customer will require an exclusive license to the technology in a particular field of use (e.g. medical imaging). The Company believes that any such exclusive license will be based on a set period of time during product and/or market development and based on performance thereafter. Failure by the customer to meet agreed upon performance criteria would most likely result in the license becoming non-exclusive. Any such exclusive license agreement would preclude the Company from working with other customers in that field of use during the period of the exclusive license. The Company does not believe that this strategy for funding the Tradeshow Prototype will significantly impact the revenue potential of the technology given the number of potential applications (fields of use). If successfully developed, the Trade Show Prototype, which is illustrated as an artist concept in Figure 3 below, will be fully packaged and portable so that it can be used for trade shows and on-site customer demonstrations. We believe that the Trade Show Prototype will enable the Company to market and secure licensing agreements with large government contractors and large medical or industrial products companies.

 

 4 

 

 

 

 

Figure 3 - Artist Concept of CSpace Trade Show Prototype

 

Federal Funding Strategy

 

As funding has increased for the 3D field, the Company has implemented a federal funding strategy to augment its other capital raising efforts.  In December 2013, the Company secured the services of Doug Freitag, an expert in identifying and obtaining government grants of the type we are seeking. The initial targets for this strategy included: the Obama Administration’s multi-agency priorities of advanced manufacturing and information technology (e.g., Big Data Research and Development Initiative with over $200 million annually); the Department of Defense’s priorities to reduce the cost of developing, testing, and manufacturing new weapon systems, enhance training and operation of autonomous systems and accelerate data-to-decisions; and Federal Aviation Administration’s on-going priority to enhance air traffic control systems. As a result of feedback from various Federal Government Program Managers, the strategy has changed and now places increased emphasis on a growing need for new technologies to visualize cyber data, military planning, medical imaging data, data collected when screening for contraband and validation of 3D engineering designs prior to manufacturing by 3D printing. The strategy also places greater emphasis on Small Business Innovation Research Grants where funding continues to grow, competition is limited to other small businesses, 3DIcon can more easily be the project leader, and the cycle for awards from the date of submission can be much faster. Larger contracts will still be considered but include other partners and may require one of more partners to lead the projects if awarded. A pre-proposal titled “Glasses-Free 3D Volumetric Display for to Enhance Mission Analysis” was submitted to the Defense Intelligence Agency on November 26, 2014. A proposal titled “3D Volumetric Display of Neurological Data Provided by MRI Imaging” was submitted to the National institute of Health on December 5, 2014 and is under review. A proposal titled “Transforming Cyber Data into Human-Centered 3D Visualizations” was submitted to the Air Force on February 25, 2015. A pre-proposal titled “Glasses-Free 3D Volumetric Visualization of Critical Data to Enhance Decision Making” was submitted to the DOD Combating Terrorism Technical Support Office on March 20, 2015. These submissions, have failed to produce funding necessary to accelerate the development process, though the Company will continue to pursue federal funding on a selective basis .

 

Joint Development Agreement with Schott Defense

 

As part of our federal funding strategy we intend to effectively compete by forming interdisciplinary teams with potential strategic partners (large and small), academic and commercial laboratories, and systems integrators providing integrated data visualization solutions.  The first of these partnerships was reached in March 2014 when the Company signed a JDA with Schott, a federally focused subsidiary of Schott North America.  Schott is a world-class multi-billion dollar company with significant experience and success in partnering with federal agencies for development projects.  In addition, Schott is one of the world’s leaders in developing specialty glass for many applications, including display technology.  This partnership, coupled with the expertise of Doug Freitag, should facilitate the Company’s federal funding strategy and our ability to create the unique materials required to advance the CSpace technology. In December of 2015 Schott AG closed the development office, Schott Defense, in Washington, D.C. It is unclear how this may impact the JDA going forward.

 

Commercialization Strategy & Target Applications

 

The Company plans to commercialize the CSpace volumetric 3D technology through customer funded research and development contracts and technology licensing agreements with companies like Boeing, Lockheed Martin, Siemens, and General Electric for high value applications like air traffic control, design visualization, and medical imaging. The Company plans to develop products for contract engineering and with joint development customers. At this time the Company does not have any commercialized products and does not plan to develop its own products based on the CSpace technology due to the high value / low volume nature of the best-fit initial applications for this technology. These applications include but are not limited to the following: 

 

§Healthcare (diagnostics, surgical planning, training, telemedicine, biosurveillance);
§Cyber Security Data Visualization;
§Military (operational planning, training, modeling and simulation, battlespace awareness, damage assessment, autonomous piloting);
§Physical Security (passenger, luggage & cargo screening);
§Mining, Oil & Gas Exploration; or
§Meteorological and Oceanographic data visualization.

 

In order to simplify internal development efforts on CSpace, software to control the initial laboratory prototype was created and later productized as "Pixel Precision" in 2007.

 

 5 

 

 

Competition

 

Based on our market research and competitive analysis to date, we have concluded that the CSpace volumetric technology is unique and advantaged versus other 3D technologies in that it can deliver both 1) a true 360 degree viewing experience for multiple simultaneous users, and 2) high image quality, high reliability and large image size. Rear projection 3D displays such as those from Zecotek, Setred, and EuroLCDs (formerly LC Tech LightSpace) do not provide a 360 degree viewing experience and are typically limited to one or two users. While rotating displays (also called swept volume) such as Perspecta from Optics For Hire (formerly Actuality, now licensed), Xigen (research only), Ray Modeler from Sony (research only), Felix 3D (research only), and the USC light field display (research only) do provide a true 360 degree viewing experience, they cannot deliver a large image, high image quality and reliability because the entire display is rotating at high speed. Early proof of concept work done on infrared active phosphor displays by 3D Display Laboratories proved to not be scalable due to limited phosphor persistence and vector scanning limitations. While holographic and light field displays show promise, they do not deliver a true 360 degree viewing experience and cost effective multiple user systems do not appear feasible due to current and expected pixel density, data bandwidth and compute power limitations.

 

Flat Screen 3D Strategy

 

Since March of 2012, the Company has been evaluating a number of second-generation, glasses-free flat screen 3D display technologies and the companies that are developing these technologies with the possibility of an acquisition of such a company in mind.  Our goal was to identify a new technology that could deliver significantly better performance (3D impact and image quality) than current large area multiple-viewer glasses-free 3D flat screen displays without compromising resolution and brightness, as do current displays.  The ideal company would also have a great technical team, a broad patent portfolio, and a credible technology roadmap to ensure that these competitive advantages are sustainable into the future. As a result of the above evaluation process, the Company previously entered into a non-binding Letter of Intent to acquire Dimension Technologies, Inc. (DTI) www.dti3d.com located in Rochester, NY. However, that Letter of Intent has since expired. Notwithstanding the expiration of the Letter of Intent, the Company’s interest in a potential acquisition of a small 3D flat screen display company remains. There can be no assurance that the Company will successfully raise adequate funds for such a transaction in the future.

  

Currently, we do not have any agreements in place that would allow entry into the flat screen segment of the glasses-free 3D display industry or digital signage industry and no assurances can be made that such an agreement will ever be consummated.  The Company is not actively seeking such acquisitions in the glasses-free 3D flat screen display segment at this time.

  

History of 3D Technology Research and Development at the University of Oklahoma

 

Beginning in 2007 the University, under an SRA with 3DIcon, undertook the development of the following three high potential 3D display technologies. The results of each project are summarized below.

 

§I - Swept Volume Displays - We have successfully achieved the initial demonstration and proof of technology for this approach.
§II - Static Volumetric Displays - This technology was ranked by the University as the best for further development.
§III - Stacked Volume Displays - We also have investigated the technologies for developing innovative Stacked Volumetric Displays.

 

The Swept Volume Display is designed to be a 3D display system showing a volumetric image generated from an electronic medium. A proof-of-concept demonstration was achieved by the researchers around September 2007. The Swept Volume Display R&D entered into the subsequent second stage of improvement and development in 2008. Additional work on this particular approach has been deferred indefinitely because of the success and initial superiority of the CSpace technology.

 

Our implementation of a Static Volume Display (CSpace®) employs one or more Digital Micro-Mirror Devices (DMDs) and infra-red lasers to produce 3D images in advanced transparent nanotechnology materials, thereby enabling the creation, transmission and display of high resolution 3D images within a volume space, surrounded by glass or transparent screen. The initial investigation for the Static Volume system commenced in 2007. In September 2008, we built a laboratory prototype Static Volume Display using the CSpace technology and demonstrated the creation of true 3D images within a specified image space. New developments for eliminating the distortion occurred by the divergence of the constructed 3D image were presented at the SPIE Europe Security & Defense conference in Berlin, Germany in August 2009. Improvements for the optical systems utilized by CSpace with the latest achieved resolution were published in October 2009 in IEEE/OSA Journal of Display Technology titled "Static Volumetric Three-Dimensional Display" and can be found for a moderate fee at http://www.opticsinfobase.org. On February 15, 2010, at the SPIE Medical Imaging conference, we presented the latest software developments that allow reading Digital Imaging and Communication In Medicine ("DICOM") formats whether scanned by ultrasound devices, magnetic resonance imaging ("MRI"), or computed tomography ("CT") scanners. With this new software architecture, Static Volume 3D displays based on the CSpace technology would have the capability of displaying medical images.

 

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On April 14, 2010, at the OSA Digital Holography and Three-Dimensional Imaging conference in Miami, FL, we presented an increase in brightness of the constructed 3D images.  On September 23, 2010, at the SPIE Europe Security & Defense conference in Toulouse, France, we presented new implementations to reduce flicker of the 3D Images constructed by CSpace display.  In November 2010, we published a new method of rendering 3D Images using a rotational-slicing technique at the Journal of the Society for Information Display and can be found for a moderate fee at http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1889/JSID18.11.873/abstract. In December 2010, we published the utilization of new materials for CSpace image space at the Journal of the Society for Information Display and can be found for a moderate fee at http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1889/JSID18.12.1065/abstract. In April 2011, New Developments That Allow CSpace To Perfectly Fit Applications Such As Air Traffic Control was published in the IEEE/OSA Journal of Display Technology and can be found for a moderate fee at http://www.opticsinfobase.org/jdt/abstract.cfm?uri=jdt-7-4-186. On April 25, 2011, we presented a new paper called “Multi-layer overlay display,” at the SPIE Defense & Security Conference in Orlando, FL. On May 17, 2013, we presented a new paper called ”CSpace High-Resolution Volumetric 3D Display,” at the SPIE Defense & Security in Baltimore, Maryland. On September 26, 2014 we were interviewed for an article on medical imaging by Medical Device Daily and can be found at http://www.medicaldevicedaily.com/servlet/com.accumedia.web.Dispatcher?next=mdd_currentIssue&issueId=23719&prodID=4&month=09&year=2014. On December 18, 2014, we co-authored a new publication called “Scalable Upconversion Medium for Static Volumetric Display” in the Journal of Display Technology and can be found for a moderate fee at http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/articleDetails.jsp?reload=true&arnumber=6987226. On March 1, 2015 we published an overview on the applications for 3D Volumetric Displays in NASA Tech Briefs and can be found at http://www.techbriefs.com/component/content/article/27-ntb/features/application-briefs/21710. On February 27, 2015 we were interviewed for a Q/A article on 3D imaging by Medical Design Technology that can be found at http://www.mdtmag.com/blogs/2015/02/true-3d-imagesglasses-free. On March 24, 2015 we made a presentation called “Glasses-Free 3D Volumetric Display for Enhanced Decision Making” at the 2015 National Defense Industry Association Science & Engineering Technology Division Conference.

 

Regarding our continued efforts to improve the performance of the CSpace technology, we completed our second-generation prototype (Lab Proto 2) in October 2012. Our goals for Lab Proto 2 were to first improve image brightness, and then to improve resolution (increase the number of voxels or 3D pixels), and lastly to increase the size of the image. The image generated by Lab Proto 2 is approximately 250 times (250x) brighter than our first generation prototype and can now be viewed in normal room lighting. As a result of the increased brightness, resolution has also been improved. The estimated resolution of the second-generation prototype is approximately five times (5x) greater than the first generation prototype. The image size of Lab Proto 2 is approximately 8 times (8x) larger than our first generation prototype. We continue to develop a third-generation prototype (Lab Proto 3) with a larger image space, which we believe will enable the Company to credibly engage with potential customers and secure customer funded development contracts to develop even larger and higher resolution product prototypes, eventually leading to a trade show prototype that will be portable and package for display at trade shows or on-site customer demonstrations.

 

University of Oklahoma - Sponsored Research Agreement History

 

On December 1, 2010, the Company entered into an agreement (the "Agreement") with the University pursuant to which the University agreed to convert all sums due to it from the Company in connection with its SRA with the Company, which as of December 1, 2010 amounted to approximately $485,000, into an aggregate of 1,685,714 shares of the Company's common stock (the "Shares"). As a result of the debt conversion, the University became the holder of approximately 8% of the outstanding common stock of the Company. Pursuant to the Agreement, the Shares were subject to a put option allowing the University to require the Company to purchase certain of the Shares upon the occurrence of certain events. In addition, the Shares were subject to a call option allowing the Company to require the University to sell to the Company the Shares then held by the University in accordance with the terms of the Agreement. The put options and the call options expired on November 30, 2014 and the Shares are no longer subject to such options.

 

The Agreement also amended the existing agreements between the Company and the University such that all intellectual property, including all inventions and or discoveries, patentable or un-patentable, developed before July 28, 2008 by the University under the SRA is owned by the University. All intellectual property, including all inventions and/or discoveries, patentable or un-patentable, developed jointly by the Company and the University at any time is jointly owned by the Company and the University. Finally, all intellectual property developed by the Company after July 28, 2008, including all inventions and or discoveries, patentable or un-patentable, is owned by the Company.

 

Intellectual Property History, Status & Rights

 

On May 26, 2009, the United States Patent and Trademark Office (“USPTO”) approved the pending patent called "Volumetric Liquid Crystal Display" for rendering a three-dimensional image and converted it to US patent No. 7,537,345. On July 16, 2013, USPTO approved the pending patent called “Computer System with Digital Micromirror Device,” and issued US patent No. 8,487,865.

 

CSpace Patents are as follow: On December 28, 2010, USPTO approved the pending patent called “Light Surface Display for Rendering a Three-Dimensional Image,” and issued the United States Patent No. 7,858,913.  On August 21, 2012, the USPTO approved a continuation patent called “3D Volumetric Display” and issued the US Patent No. 8,247,755. On December 13, 2011, USPTO approved a continuation patent called “3D Light Surface Display,” and issued the US Patent No. 8,075,139. On July 31, 2013, 3DIcon filed provisional patent called “Ultra High-Resolution Volumetric Three-Dimensional Display,” (US patent application serial No. 61859145).

 

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Through a SRA with the University, we have obtained the exclusive worldwide marketing rights to certain 3D display technologies under development by the University. The development to date has resulted in the University filing eight provisional patents; five of the eight provisional patents have been combined and converted to five utility US patents, one pending European patent and one pending Japanese patent.

 

Key Patents Exclusively Licensed to 3DIcon from OU:

 

Patents Granted

·“3D Volumetric Display” - 8,247,755, August 21, 2012
·“3DLight Surface Display” - 8,075,139, December 13, 2011
·“Light Surface Display for Rendering a Three-Dimensional Image” - 7,858,913, December 28, 2010
·“Volumetric Liquid Crystal Display” - 7,537,345, May 26, 2009
·“Computer System with Digital Micromirror Device” - 8,487,865, July 16, 2013

 

International Patents Granted

·Granted - Japan
·“Light Surface Display for Rendering a Three-Dimensional Image” - Japanese Patent Number 5,594,718, August 15, 2014

 

International Patents Pending

·Pending
·“Light Surface Display for Rendering a Three-Dimensional Image” - European Application Number EP07755984, Filed April 25, 2007
·“Ultra High Resolution Three-Dimensional Display” - July 26, 2013
·“Holoform Projection Display” - March 12, 2013

 

Employees

 

We had three employees as of March 30, 2016: Mr. Victor Keen, Chief Executive Officer, Mr. Ronald Robinson, Chief Financial Officer and Ms. Judith Keating, Company Secretary and Director of Investor Relations. None of our employees are covered by a collective bargaining agreement. We consider relations with our employees to be good.

 

ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS

 

Risks Relating to Our Business

 

We have a limited operating history, as well as a history of operating losses.

 

We have a limited operating history. We cannot assure you that we can achieve revenue or sustain revenue growth or profitability in the future. We have a cumulative net loss of $22,158,990 for the period from inception (January 1, 2001) to December 31, 2015. Our operations are subject to the risks and competition inherent in the establishment of a business enterprise. Unanticipated problems, expenses, and delays are frequently encountered in establishing a new business and marketing and developing products. These include, but are not limited to, competition, the need to develop customers and market expertise, market conditions, sales, marketing and governmental regulation. Our failure to meet any of these conditions would have a materially adverse effect upon us and may force us to reduce or curtail our operations. Revenues and profits, if any, will depend upon various factors. We may not achieve our business objectives and the failure to achieve such goals would have an adverse impact on our business.

 

We may not be able to achieve the target specifications for the second and third generation CSpace laboratory prototypes.

 

The process of developing new highly technical products and solutions is inherently complex and uncertain. It requires accurate anticipation of customer's changing needs and emerging technological trends. We must make long-term investments and commit significant resources before knowing whether these investments will eventually result in products that achieve customer acceptance and generate the revenues required to provide desired returns. If we fail to achieve and meet our target specifications in the development of the second and third generation CSpace laboratory prototypes, we could lose market position and customers to our competitors and that could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations and financial condition.

 

We may not be able to secure the customer funding necessary to develop the CSpace Trade Show Prototype.

 

An important part of our business strategy moving forward is the development of our Lab Proto 3.  While we believe this prototype will enable us to secure customer funded development contracts whereby our customer would provide part or all of the funding necessary to develop products for or with the customer and to secure technology licensing agreements, there can be no assurances that this will occur.  If we are unable to secure customer funded development contracts we will likely not be able to develop our CSpace Trade Show Prototype.  Without the CSpace Trade Show Prototype we will not be able to successfully implement our business strategy for our volumetric 3D Display products, which could cause harm to our competitive position and financial condition.

 

 8 

 

 

We may not be able to successfully license the CSpace technology to customers.

 

A significant portion of our expected future revenues will be generated through licensing our CSpace technology to third parties such as Boeing, Lockheed Martin, Siemens, and General Electric.  However, there is no guarantee we will be able to successfully license our CSpace technology to such companies or to other third parties.  If we fail to successfully license our CSpace technology it could negatively impact our revenue stream and financial condition.

 

We may not be able to compete successfully.

 

Although the volumetric 3D display technology that we are attempting to develop is new, and although at present we are aware of only a limited number of companies that have publicly disclosed their attempts to develop similar technology, we anticipate a number of companies are or will attempt to develop technologies/products that compete or will compete with our technologies. Further, even if we are the first to market with a technology of this type, and even if the technology is protected by patents or otherwise, because of the vast market and communications potential of such a product, we anticipate the market will be flooded by a variety of competitors (including traditional display companies), many of which will offer a range of products in areas other than those in which we compete, which may make such competitors more attractive to prospective customers. In addition, many if not all of our competitors and potential competitors will initially be larger and have greater financial resources than we do. Some of the companies with which we may now be in competition, or with which we may compete in the future, have or may have more extensive research, marketing and manufacturing capabilities and significantly greater technical and personnel resources than we do, and may be better positioned to continue to improve their technology in order to compete in an evolving industry. Further, technology in this industry may evolve rapidly once an initially successful product is introduced, making timely product innovations and use of new technologies essential to our success in the marketplace. The introduction by our competitors of products with improved technologies or features may render any product we initially market obsolete and unmarketable. If we or our partners are not able to deliver to market products that respond to industry changes in a timely manner, or if our products do not perform well, our business and financial condition will be adversely affected.

 

The technologies being developed may not gain market acceptance.

 

The products that we are currently developing utilize new technologies. As with any new technologies, in order for us to be successful, these technologies must gain market acceptance. Since the technologies that we anticipate introducing to the marketplace will exploit or encroach upon markets that presently utilize or are serviced by products from competing technologies, meaningful commercial markets may not develop for our technologies.

 

In addition, the development efforts of 3DIcon and the University on the 3D technology are subject to unanticipated delays, expenses or technical or other problems, as well as the possible insufficiency of funding to complete development. Our success will depend upon the ultimate products and technologies meeting acceptable cost and performance criteria, and upon their timely introduction into the marketplace. The proposed products and technologies may never be successfully developed, and even if developed, they may not satisfactorily perform the functions for which they are designed. Additionally, these may not meet applicable price or performance objectives. Unanticipated technical or other problems may occur which would result in increased costs or material delays in their development or commercialization.

 

If we are unable to successfully retain existing management and recruit qualified personnel having experience in our business, we may not be able to continue our operations.

 

Our success depends to a significant extent upon the continued services of our Board of Directors, management officers and our Chief Technology Officer .  Our success also depends on our ability to attract and retain other key executive officers.

 

Our auditors have expressed substantial doubt about our ability to continue as a going concern. If we do not continue as a going concern, investors will lose their entire investment.

 

In their report dated March [*], 2016, our auditors have expressed substantial doubt about our ability to continue as a going concern. These concerns arise from the fact that we are a development stage organization with insufficient revenues to fund development and operating expenses. If we are unable to continue as a going concern, you could lose your entire investment in us.

 

We will need significant additional capital, which we may be unable to obtain.

 

Our capital requirements in connection with our development activities and transition to commercial operations have been and will continue to be significant. We will require between $1.2 and $1.5 million  additional funds through December 2016 to continue research, development and testing of our technologies, to obtain intellectual property protection relating to our technologies when appropriate, and to improve and market our technologies. There can be no assurance that financing will be available in amounts or on terms acceptable to us, if at all.

 

 9 

 

 

Risks Related to Our Intellectual Property

 

If we fail to establish, maintain and enforce intellectual property rights with respect to our technology and/or licensed technology, our financial condition, results of operations and business could be negatively impacted.

 

Our ability to establish, maintain and enforce intellectual property rights with respect to our technology and the University’s ability to establish, maintain and enforce intellectual property rights with respect to our exclusively licensed technology, once successfully developed into 3D display technology that we intend to market, will be a significant factor in determining our future financial and operating performance. We seek to protect our intellectual property rights by relying on a combination of patent, trade secret and copyright laws. We also use confidentiality and other provisions in our agreements that restrict access to and disclosure of its confidential know-how and trade secrets.

 

Outside of our pending patent applications, we seek to protect our technology as trade secrets and technical know-how. However, trade secrets and technical know-how are difficult to maintain and do not provide the same legal protections provided by patents. In particular, only patents will allow us to prohibit others from using independently developed technologies that are similar. If competitors develop knowledge substantially equivalent or superior to our trade secrets and technical know-how, or gain access to our knowledge through other means such as observation of our technology that embodies trade secrets at customer sites that we do not control, the value of our trade secrets and technical know-how would be diminished.

 

While we strive to maintain systems and procedures to protect the confidentiality and security of our trade secrets and technical know-how, these systems and procedures may fail to provide an adequate degree of protection. For example, although we generally enter into agreements with our employees, consultants, advisors, and strategic partners restricting the disclosure and use of trade secrets, technical know-how and confidential information, we cannot provide any assurance that these agreements will be sufficient to prevent unauthorized use or disclosure. In addition, some of the technology deployed at customer sites in the future, which we do not control, may be readily observable by third parties who are not under contractual obligations of non-disclosure, which may limit or compromise our ability to continue to protect such technology as a trade secret.

 

While we are not currently aware of any infringement or other violation of our intellectual property rights, monitoring and policing unauthorized use and disclosure of intellectual property is difficult. If we learned that a third party was in fact infringing or otherwise violating our intellectual property, we may need to enforce our intellectual property rights through litigation. Litigation relating to our intellectual property may not prove successful and might result in substantial costs and diversion of resources and management attention.

 

If our technology is licensed to customers at some point in the future, the strength of the intellectual property under which we would grant licenses can be a critical determinant of the value of such potential licenses. If we are unable to secure, protect and enforce our intellectual property now and in the future, it may become more difficult for us to attract such customers.  Any such development could have a material adverse effect on our business, prospects, financial condition and results of operations.

 

We may face claims that we are violating the intellectual property rights of others.

 

Although we are not aware of any potential violations of others’ intellectual property rights, we may face claims, including from direct competitors, other companies, scientists or research universities, asserting that our technology or the commercial use of such technology infringes or otherwise violates the intellectual property rights of others. We cannot be certain that our technologies and processes do not violate the intellectual property rights of others. If we are successful in developing technologies that allow us to earn revenues and our market profile grows we could become increasingly subject to such claims.

 

We may also face infringement claims from the employees, consultants, agents and outside organizations we have engaged to develop our technology. While we have sought to protect ourselves against such claims through contractual means, we cannot provide any assurance that such contractual provisions are adequate, and any of these parties might claim full or partial ownership of the intellectual property in the technology that they were engaged to develop.

 

If we were found to be infringing or otherwise violating the intellectual property rights of others, we could face significant costs to implement work-around methods, and we cannot provide any assurance that any such work-around would be available or technically equivalent to our potential technology. In such cases, we might need to license a third party’s intellectual property, although any required license might not be available on acceptable terms, or at all. If we are unable to work around such infringement or obtain a license on acceptable terms, we might face substantial monetary judgments against us or an injunction against continuing to use or license such technology, which might cause us to cease operations.

 

In addition, even if we are not infringing or otherwise violating the intellectual property rights of others, we could nonetheless incur substantial costs in defending ourselves in suits brought against us for alleged infringement. Also, if we are to enter into a license agreement in the future and it provides that we will defend and indemnify our customer licensees for claims against them relating to any alleged infringement of the intellectual property rights of third parties in connection with such customer licensees’ use of such technologies, we may incur substantial costs defending and indemnifying any customer licensees to the extent they are subject to these types of claims. Such suits, even if without merit, would likely require our management team to dedicate substantial time to addressing the issues presented. Any party bringing claims might have greater resources than we do, which could potentially lead to us settling claims against which we might otherwise prevail on the merits.

 

 10 

 

 

Any claims brought against us or any customer licensees alleging that we have violated the intellectual property of others could have negative consequences for our financial condition, results of operations and business, each of which could be materially adversely affected as a result.

 

At this time, we do not own any intellectual property in Volumetric Liquid Crystal Display or Light Surface Display for Rendering Three-Dimensional Images, and, apart from the SRA with the University and the exclusive worldwide marketing rights thereto, we have no contracts or agreements pending to acquire the intellectual property .

 

Although we have obtained exclusive worldwide marketing rights to “Volumetric Liquid Crystal Display” and “Light Surface Display for Rendering Three-Dimensional Images”, two technologies vital to our business and growth strategy, we do not own any intellectual property in these technologies.  Although our exclusive worldwide marketing rights to these technologies stand alone and are independent of the SRA, outside of our SRA with the University, we have no pending agreements to obtain or purchase ownership over such intellectual property.  Should the University lose their rights in such technologies or we are otherwise unable to utilize the rights obtained in such agreements it would be difficult to successfully implement our business strategy going forward and our stock value would likely decrease.

 

Risks Relating to Our Current Financing Arrangements:

 

We have a limited number of unreserved shares available for future issuance, which may impair our ability to conduct future financing and other transactions.

 

Our amended and restated certificate of incorporation currently authorizes us to issue up to 1,500,000,000 shares of common stock and 2,500,000 shares of preferred stock. As of March 24, 2016, we had a total of 115,600,999 shares of common stock that were authorized but unissued, and we have currently reserved a significant number of these shares for future issuance pursuant to outstanding equity awards, our equity plans, warrants and convertible notes. As a result, our ability to issue shares of common stock other than pursuant to existing arrangements will be limited until such time, if ever, that we are able to amend our amended and restated certificate of incorporation to further increase our authorized shares of common stock or shares currently reserved for issuance otherwise become available (for example, due to the termination of the underlying agreement to issue the shares).

 

If we are unable to enter into new arrangements to issue shares of our common stock or securities convertible or exercisable into shares of our common stock, our ability to complete equity-based financings or other transactions that involve the potential issuance of our common stock or securities convertible or exercisable into our common stock, will be limited. In lieu of issuing common stock or securities convertible into our common stock in any future equity financing transactions, we may need to issue some or all of our authorized but unissued shares of preferred stock, which would likely have superior rights, preferences and privileges to those of our common stock, or we may need to issue debt that is not convertible into shares of our common stock, which may require us to grant security interests in our assets and property and/or impose covenants upon us that restrict our business. If we are unable to issue additional shares of common stock or securities convertible or exercisable into our common stock, our ability to enter into strategic transactions such as acquisitions of companies or technologies, may also be limited. If we propose to amend our amended and restated certificate of incorporation to increase our authorized shares of common stock, such a proposal would require the approval by the holders of a majority of our outstanding shares of common stock, and we cannot assure you that such a proposal would be adopted. If we are unable to complete financing, strategic or other transactions due to our inability to issue additional shares of common stock or securities convertible or exercisable into our common stock, our financial condition and business prospects may be materially harmed.

 

There are a large number of shares underlying our convertible debentures, and warrants  that may be available for future sale and the sale of these shares may depress the market price of our common stock.

 

As of March 30, 2016, we had 1,384,399,001 shares of common stock issued and outstanding and convertible debentures outstanding that may be converted into estimated 30,038,541,681shares of common stock at current market prices, although the Company currently would not have enough authorized shares to issue such estimated conversion shares. The number of shares of common stock issuable upon conversion of the outstanding convertible debentures may increase if the market price of our stock declines. We also have outstanding warrants issued to Golden State Equity Investors, Inc. f/k/a Golden Gate Investors ("Golden State") to purchase 18,395 shares of common stock at an exercise price of $381.50. Additionally, there are 19,250,000 warrants to purchase common shares at an exercise price of $0.0055, which warrants were issued to investors that also purchased 385,000 shares of Series A Convertible Preferred Stock, which remaining shares are convertible into an aggregate of 34,500,000 shares of common stock. The sale of the shares underlying the convertible debentures, the Series A Convertible Preferred Stock and warrants may adversely affect the market price of our common stock.

 

Our obligation to issue shares upon conversion of our convertible debentures is essentially limitless. Additionally, as of March 30, 2016, we have only 115,600,999 unissued authorized shares available.

 

 11 

 

 

The conversion price of our convertible debentures  is continuously adjustable, which could require us to issue a substantially greater number of shares, which will cause dilution to our existing stockholders.

 

The following is an example of the amount of shares of our common stock that are issuable, upon conversion of our 4.75% $100,000 convertible debenture (excluding accrued interest) issued to Golden State on November 3, 2006, based on the remaining principal balance of $65,095 and market prices 25%, 50% and 75% below the market price as of March 30, 2016 of $0.002.

 

        Effective   Number   % of 
% Below   Price Per   Conversion   of Shares   Outstanding 
Market   Share   Price   Issuable(1)   Stock 
 25%  $0.0002   $0.0002    39,779,412,942    11,247%
 50%  $0.0002   $0.0001    59,669,444,887    16,871%
 75%  $0.0001   $0.0001    119,339,540,720    33,742%

 

(1) Shares issuable exclude 18,395 shares underlying the remaining warrants exercisable at $381.50 per share.

 

As illustrated, the number of shares of common stock issuable upon conversion of our convertible debentures will increase if the market price of our stock declines, which will cause dilution to our existing stockholders.

 

The continuously adjustable conversion price feature of our convertible debentures may encourage investors to make short sales in our common stock, which could have a depressive effect on the price of our common stock.

 

So long as the market price of our stock is below $4.00, the issuance of shares in connection with the conversion of the $100,000 convertible debenture results in the issuance of shares at an effective 20% discount to the trading price of the common stock prior to the conversion. The significant downward pressure on the price of the common stock as the selling stockholders convert and sell material amounts of common stock could encourage short sales by investors. This could place further downward pressure on the price of the common stock. The selling stockholders could sell common stock into the market in anticipation of covering the short sale by converting their securities, which could cause the further downward pressure on the stock price. In addition, not only the sale of shares issued upon conversion or exercise of debentures and warrants, but also the mere perception that these sales could occur, may adversely affect the market price of the common stock.

 

The issuance of shares upon conversion of the convertible debentures and exercise of outstanding warrants may cause immediate and substantial dilution to our existing stockholders.

 

The issuance of shares upon conversion of our convertible debentures and exercise of warrants may result in substantial dilution to the interests of other stockholders since the selling stockholders may ultimately convert and sell the full amount issuable on conversion. Although Golden State may not convert its convertible debenture and/or exercise their warrants if such conversion or exercise would cause it to own more than 9.9% of our outstanding common stock, this restriction does not prevent the selling stockholders from converting and selling some of their holdings and then converting the rest of their holdings. In this way, assuming the market price remains at a level acceptable to the selling stockholders, the selling stockholders could continue on a "conversion-sell-conversion" trend while never holding more than 9.9% of our common stock. Further, under the convertible debenture there is theoretically no upper limit on the number of shares that may be issued, which will have the effect of further diluting the proportionate equity interest and voting power of holders of our common stock.

 

If we are unable to issue shares of common stock upon conversion of the convertible debenture as a result of our inability to increase our authorized shares of common stock or as a result of any other reason, we are required to pay penalties to Golden State, redeem the convertible debenture at 130% and/or compensate Golden State for any buy-in that it is required to make.

 

If we are unable to issue shares of common stock upon conversion of the convertible debenture as a result of our inability to increase our authorized shares of common stock or as a result of any other reason, we are required to:

 

· Pay late payments to Golden State for late issuance of common stock upon conversion of the convertible debenture, in the amount of $100 per business day after the delivery date for each $10,000 of convertible debenture principal amount being converted or redeemed;

 

· In the event we are prohibited from issuing common stock, or fail to timely deliver common stock on a delivery date, or upon the occurrence of an event of default, then at the election of Golden State, we must pay to Golden State a sum of money determined by multiplying up to the outstanding principal amount of the convertible debenture designated by Golden State by 130%, together with accrued but unpaid interest thereon; and

  

· If ten days after the date we are required to deliver common stock to Golden State pursuant to a conversion, Golden State purchases (in an open market transaction or otherwise) shares of common stock to deliver in satisfaction of a sale by Golden State of the common stock which it anticipated receiving upon such conversion (a "Buy-In"), then we are required to pay in cash to Golden State the amount by which its total purchase price (including brokerage commissions, if any) for the shares of common stock so purchased exceeds the aggregate principal and/or interest amount of the convertible debenture for which such conversion was not timely honored, together with interest thereon at a rate of 15% per annum, accruing until such amount and any accrued interest thereon is paid in full.

 

 12 

 

 

In the event that we are required to pay penalties to Golden State or redeem the convertible debentures held by Golden State, we may be required to curtail or cease our operations.

 

Risks Relating to Our Common Stock:

 

The price of our common stock is volatile and fluctuations in our operating results and announcements and developments concerning our business affect our stock price, which may cause investment losses for our stockholders.

 

The market for our common stock is highly volatile and the trading price of our stock on the OTC Pink Marketplace is subject to wide fluctuations in response to, among other things, operating results, the number of stockholders desiring to sell their shares, changes in general economic conditions and the financial markets, the execution of new contracts and the completion of existing agreements and other developments affecting us. In addition, statements or changes in opinions, ratings, or earnings estimates made by brokerage firms or industry analysts relating to our market or relating to us could result in an immediate and adverse effect on the market price of our common stock. The highly volatile nature of our stock price may cause investment losses for our shareholders. In the past, securities class action litigation has often been brought against companies following periods of volatility in the market price of their securities. If securities class action litigation is brought against us, such litigation could result in substantial costs while diverting management’s attention and resources.

 

Our common stock is subject to the "Penny Stock" rules of the SEC and the trading market in our securities is limited, which makes transactions in our stock cumbersome and may reduce the value of an investment in our stock.

 

The Securities and Exchange Commission has adopted Rule 15g-9 which establishes the definition of a "penny stock," for the purposes relevant to us, as any equity security that has a market price of less than $5.00 per share or with an exercise price of less than $5.00 per share, subject to certain exceptions. For any transaction involving a penny stock, unless exempt, the rules require:

 

· That a broker or dealer approve a person's account for transactions in penny stocks; and

 

· The broker or dealer receives from the investor a written agreement to the transaction, setting forth the identity and quantity of the penny stock to be purchased.

 

In order to approve a person's account for transactions in penny stocks, the broker or dealer must:

 

· Obtain financial information and investment experience objectives of the person; and

 

· Make a reasonable determination that the transactions in penny stocks are suitable for that person and the person has sufficient knowledge and experience in financial matters to be capable of evaluating the risks of transactions in penny stocks.

 

The broker or dealer must also deliver, prior to any transaction in a penny stock, a disclosure schedule prescribed by the Commission relating to the penny stock market, which, in highlight form:

 

· Sets forth the basis on which the broker or dealer made the suitability determination; and

 

· That the broker or dealer received a signed, written agreement from the investor prior to the transaction.

 

Generally, brokers may be less willing to execute transactions in securities subject to the "penny stock" rules. This may make it more difficult for investors to dispose of our common stock and cause a decline in the market value of our stock.

 

Disclosure also has to be made about the risks of investing in penny stocks in both public offerings and in secondary trading and about the commissions payable to both the broker-dealer and the registered representative, current quotations for the securities and the rights and remedies available to an investor in cases of fraud in penny stock transactions. Finally, monthly statements have to be sent disclosing recent price information for the penny stock held in the account and information on the limited market in penny stocks.

 

Financial Industry Regulatory Authority, Inc. (“FINRA”) sales practice requirements may limit a shareholder’s ability to buy and sell our common stock.

 

In addition to the “penny stock” rules described above, FINRA has adopted rules that require that in recommending an investment to a customer, a broker-dealer must have reasonable grounds for believing that the investment is suitable for that customer. Prior to recommending speculative low priced securities to their non-institutional customers, broker-dealers must make reasonable efforts to obtain information about the customer’s financial status, tax status, investment objectives and other information. Under interpretations of these rules, FINRA believes that there is a high probability that speculative low priced securities will not be suitable for at least some customers. FINRA requirements make it more difficult for broker-dealers to recommend that their customers buy our common stock, which may limit your ability to buy and sell our stock and have an adverse effect on the market for our shares.

 

 13 

 

 

Our stock is thinly traded, so you may be unable to sell your shares at or near the quoted bid prices if you need to sell a significant number of your shares.

 

The shares of our common stock are thinly-traded on the OTC Pink Marketplace, meaning that the number of persons interested in purchasing our common stock at or near bid prices at any given time may be relatively small or non-existent.  As a consequence, there may be periods of several days or more when trading activity in our shares is minimal or non-existent, as compared to a seasoned issuer which has a large and steady volume of trading activity that will generally support continuous sales without an adverse effect on share price. We cannot give you any assurance that a broader or more active public trading market for our common stock will develop or be sustained, or that current trading levels will be sustained. Due to these conditions, we can give you no assurance that you will be able to sell your shares at or near bid prices or at all if you need money or otherwise desire to liquidate your shares.

 

Shares eligible for future sale may adversely affect the market.

 

From time to time, certain of our stockholders may be eligible to sell all or some of their shares of common stock by means of ordinary brokerage transactions in the open market pursuant to Rule 144 promulgated under the Securities Act, subject to certain limitations. In general, pursuant to amended Rule 144, non-affiliate stockholders may sell freely after six months subject only to the current public information requirement. Affiliates may sell after six months subject to the Rule 144 volume, manner of sale (for equity securities), and current public information and notice requirements. Any substantial sales of our common stock pursuant to Rule 144 may have a material adverse effect on the market price of our common stock.

 

We could issue additional common stock, which might dilute the book value of our common stock.

 

Our Board of Directors has authority, without action or vote of our shareholders, to issue all or a part of our authorized but unissued shares. Such stock issuances could be made at a price that reflects a discount or a premium from the then-current trading price of our common stock. In addition, in order to raise capital, we may need to issue securities that are convertible into or exchangeable for a significant amount of our common stock. These issuances would dilute the percentage ownership interest, which would have the effect of reducing your influence on matters on which our shareholders vote, and might dilute the book value of our common stock. You may incur additional dilution if holders of stock options, whether currently outstanding or subsequently granted, exercise their options, or if warrant holders exercise their warrants to purchase shares of our common stock.

 

Our common stock could be further diluted as the result of the issuance of convertible securities, warrants or options.

 

In the past, we have issued convertible securities (such as convertible debentures and notes), warrants and options in order to raise money or as compensation for services and incentive compensation for our employees and directors. We have shares of common stock reserved for issuance upon the exercise of certain of these securities and may increase the shares reserved for these purposes in the future. Our issuance of these convertible securities, options and warrants could affect the rights of our stockholders, could reduce the market price of our common stock or could result in adjustments to exercise prices of outstanding warrants (resulting in these securities becoming exercisable for, as the case may be, a greater number of shares of our common stock), or could obligate us to issue additional shares of common stock to certain of our stockholders.

 

We do not intend to pay dividends.

 

We do not anticipate paying cash dividends on our common stock in the foreseeable future. We may not have sufficient funds to legally pay dividends. Even if funds are legally available to pay dividends, we may nevertheless decide in our sole discretion not to pay dividends. The declaration, payment and amount of any future dividends will be made at the discretion of our board of directors, and will depend upon, among other things, the results of our operations, cash flows and financial condition, operating and capital requirements, and other factors our board of directors may consider relevant. There is no assurance that we will pay any dividends in the future, and, if dividends are paid, there is no assurance with respect to the amount of any such dividend.

 

If we fail to maintain effective internal controls over financial reporting, the price of our common stock may be adversely affected.

 

Our internal control over financial reporting may have weaknesses and conditions that could require correction or remediation, the disclosure of which may have an adverse impact on the price of our common stock.  We are required to establish and maintain appropriate internal controls over financial reporting.  Failure to establish those controls, or any failure of those controls once established, could adversely affect our public disclosures regarding our business, prospects, financial condition or results of operations.  In addition, management’s assessment of internal controls over financial reporting may identify weaknesses and conditions that need to be addressed in our internal controls over financial reporting or other matters that may raise concerns for investors.  Any actual or perceived weaknesses and conditions that need to be addressed in our internal control over financial reporting or disclosure of management’s assessment of our internal controls over financial reporting may have an adverse impact on the price of our common stock.

 

 14 

 

 

We are required to comply with certain provisions of Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 and if we fail to comply in a timely manner, our business could be harmed and our stock price could decline.

 

Rules adopted by the SEC pursuant to Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 require an annual assessment of internal controls over financial reporting, and for certain issuers an attestation of this assessment by the issuer’s independent registered public accounting firm.  The standards that must be met for management to assess the internal controls over financial reporting as effective are evolving and complex, and require significant documentation, testing, and possible remediation to meet the detailed standards.  We expect to incur significant expenses and to devote resources to Section 404 compliance on an ongoing basis.  It is difficult for us to predict how long it will take or how costly it will be to complete the assessment of the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting for each year and to remediate any deficiencies in our internal control over financial reporting. As a result, we may not be able to complete the assessment and remediation process on a timely basis.  In addition, although attestation requirements by our independent registered public accounting firm are not presently applicable to us we could become subject to these requirements in the future and we may encounter problems or delays in completing the implementation of any resulting changes to internal controls over financial reporting.  In the event that our Chief Executive Officer or Chief Financial Officer determine that our internal control over financial reporting is not effective as defined under Section 404, we cannot predict how regulators will react or how the market prices of our shares will be affected; however, we believe that there is a risk that investor confidence and share value may be negatively affected.

 

ITEM 1B. UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS

 

N/A

 

ITEM 2. PROPERTIES

 

Our executive offices are located at 6804 South Canton Avenue, Suite 150, Tulsa, Oklahoma 74136. The Company signed an Office Lease Agreement (the “Lease Agreement”) on April 24, 2008. On July 2, 2015 the Lease Agreement was amended (amendment 3) to extend the expiration date to July 31, 2018.

 

ITEM 3. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

 

We are not a party to any pending legal proceeding, nor is our property the subject of a pending legal proceeding, that is not in the ordinary course of business or otherwise material to the financial condition of our business. None of our directors, officers or affiliates is involved in a proceeding adverse to our business or has a material interest adverse to our business.

 

ITEM 4. MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES

 

N/A

 

PART II

 

ITEM 5. MARKET FOR COMMON EQUITY AND RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES

 

Our common stock is quoted on the OTC Pink marketplace under the symbol “TDCP”.

 

For the periods indicated, the following table sets forth the high and low bid prices per share of common stock. These prices represent inter-dealer quotations without retail markup, markdown, or commission and may not necessarily represent actual transactions. Where applicable, the prices set forth below give retroactive effect to our one-for-thirty-five reverse stock split which became effective on April 27, 2012.

 

2016 Fiscal Year

 

   High   Low 
First Quarter ended March 31, 2016*  $0.[*]  $0.[*]
* through March [*], 2016          

 

2015 Fiscal Year

 

   High   Low 
First Quarter ended March 31, 2015  $0.0036   $0.0012 
Second Quarter ended June 30, 2015  $0.0022   $0.0007 
Third Quarter ended September 30, 2015  $0.0019   $0.0003 
Fourth Quarter ended December 31, 2015  $0.0005   $0.0001 

 

 15 

 

 

2014 Fiscal Year

 

   High   Low 
First Quarter ended March 31, 2014  $0.039   $0.0031 
Second Quarter ended June 30, 2014  $0.019   $0.0063 
Third Quarter ended September 30, 2014  $0.012   $0.0031 
Fourth Quarter ended December 31, 2014  $0.005   $0.0020 

 

The market price of our common stock, like that of other technology companies, is highly volatile and is subject to fluctuations in response to variations in operating results, announcements of technological innovations or new products, or other events or factors. Our stock price may also be affected by broader market trends unrelated to our performance.

 

Holders

 

As of March 30, 2016 we had approximately 410 active holders of our common stock. The number of active record holders was determined from the records of our transfer agent and does not include beneficial owners of common stock whose shares are held in the names of various security brokers, dealers, and registered clearing agencies. Our transfer agent is Continental Stock Transfer & Trust Company, 17 Battery Place, New York, NY 10004.

 

Dividend Policy

 

We have not declared any dividends to date. We have no present intention of paying any cash dividends on our common stock in the foreseeable future, as we intend to use earnings, if any, to generate growth. The payment of dividends, if any, in the future, rests within the discretion of our Board of Directors and will depend, among other things, upon our earnings, capital requirements and our financial condition, as well as other relevant factors. There are no restrictions in our Certificate of Incorporation or By-laws that restrict us from declaring dividends.

 

Equity Compensation Plan Information

 

We have two stock-based compensation plans, the 2014 Equity Incentive Plan and the 2015 Equity Incentive Plan, together referred to herein as the “Stock Plans.” As of March [*], 2016, 23,030,274 options to purchase our common stock were issued and outstanding under the Stock Plans with a weighted-average price of $0.08.

 

The following table sets forth the information indicated with respect to our compensation plans under which our common stock is authorized for issuance.

 

   Number of       Number of securities 
   securities to be       remaining available 
   issued upon       for future issuance 
   exercise of       under equity 
   outstanding   Weighted average   compensation plans 
   options,   exercise price of   (excluding securities 
   warrants and   outstanding options,   reflected in 
Plan category  rights   warrants and rights   column (a)) 
   (a)   (b)   (c) 
Equity compensation plans approved by security holders   -    -    - 
Equity compensation plans not approved by security holders:               
                
2014 Plan   50,000,000   $0.08    750,103 
2015 Plan   85,000,000    0.08    4,687,699 
Total   135,000,000   $0.08    5,437,802 

 

Recent Sales of Unregistered Securities

 

For the year ended December 31, 2014, Golden State converted $4,710 of the $100,000 debenture into 98,093,643 shares of common stock and exercised warrants to purchase 1,347 shares of common stock at $381.50 per share.

 

For the year ended December 31, 2014, JMJ converted $148,680 of convertible promissory notes into 47,848,529 shares of common stock at $0.0031 under the terms of the securities purchase agreements.

 

For the year ended December 31, 2014, IBC converted $3,162 of outstanding settlement obligations into 15,810,800 shares of common stock at $0.0002 under the terms of the Settlement Agreement.

 

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In March 2015, the Company issued and sold a convertible note (the “March 2015 5% Note") in aggregate Principal Sum of $250,000 to JMJ Financial (“JMJ”).  The 5% Note includes a $25,000 original issue discount (the “OID”) that will be prorated based on the advances actually paid (the “Principal Sum”) to the Company. During 2015, JMJ advanced $30,000 on the 5% Note and earned $3,084 OID. In addition to the OID, the March 2015 5% Note provides for a one-time interest charge of 5% to be applied to the Principal Sum. If the Company repays the 5% Note on or before ninety days from the date of the principal amount advanced, the interest rate will be zero percent. If the Company does not repay the March 2015 5% Note on or before ninety days from the date of the advance, a one-time interest charge of 5% shall be applied to the Principal Sum. Pursuant to the terms of March 2015 5% Note, JMJ may, at its election, convert all or a part of the $250,000 note into shares of the Company's common stock at a conversion rate 70% of the lowest trade price during the twenty-five trading days prior to JMJ’s election to convert. The principal of the March 2015 5% Note is due two years from the date of each of the principal amounts advanced.

 

In March 2015, the Company issued and sold a convertible note (the “5% Promissory Note") in aggregate Principal Sum of $87,500 to Typenex Co-Investment, LLC, (“Typenex”). The 5% Promissory Note includes a $7,500 OID that will be prorated based on the advances actually paid to the Company. Accordingly during 2015, the Company received $80,000 gross proceeds from which the Company paid legal and documentation fees of $20,000 and placement agent fees of $6,750. In addition to the OID, the 5% Promissory Note provides for a one-time interest charge of 5% to be applied to the principal of the 5% Promissory Note. If the Company repays the 5% Promissory Note on or before ninety days from the date of the principal amount advanced, the interest rate will be zero percent. If the Company does not repay the 5% Promissory Note on or before ninety days from the date of the advance, a one-time interest charge of 5% shall be applied to the Principal Sum. Accordingly, $8,066 of interest has been added to the note. Pursuant to the terms of 5% Promissory Note, Typenex may, at its election, convert all or a part of the $87,500 principal and interest thereon of the 5% Promissory Note into shares of the Company's common stock at a conversion rate 70% of the lowest trade price during the twenty-five trading days prior to the election to convert. Under the terms of the 5% Promissory Note, the company is required to maintain a reserve of authorized and unissued common stock equal to three times the number of common shares necessary to convert the total outstanding balance of the 5% Note (the “Share Reserve”). On July 28, 2015 the Company informed Typenex that there were insufficient common stock available to maintain the Share Reserve and therefore an event of default occurred. Under the terms of the default, a 15% default interest rate is applied to the outstanding principle of the note and the note begins to accrue interest at 22%. Accordingly, $13,781 of default interest was added to the note and the note began accruing interest at 22%. The principal of the 5% Promissory Note is due one year from the March 2015 effective date.

 

For the year ended December 31, 2015, Golden State converted $700 of the 4.75% convertible debenture into 59,974,884 shares of common stock at $0.000012 per share and exercised 200 warrants at $381.50 per share for $76,210 and advanced $54,710 for future exercise of warrants under the terms of the securities purchase agreements.

 

For the year ended December 31, 2015, JMJ converted $33,084 of the convertible promissory note into 199,128,571 shares of common stock at $0.00017 under the terms of the securities purchase agreements.

 

During the year ended December 31, 2015, Typenex converted $52,000 of the 5% Note into 277,083,333 shares of common stock at an average of $0.0002 per share based on the formula in the 5% Note. Additionally the Company paid Typenex $57,347 in settlement fees under the terms of the note and retired the remaining balance of the note.

 

For the year ended December 31, 2015, shares of common stock totaling 46,747,170 were issued for legal and consulting services for which the Company recognized $60,001 of expense.

 

For the year ended December 31, 2015, shares of common stock totaling 31,912,663 were issued for consulting services for which the Company reduced accounts payable by $75,000.

 

Subsequent to December 31, 2015, 8,445,946 shares of common stock were issued for 2015 consulting services for which the Company reduced accounts payable by $12,500.

 

Subsequent to December 31, 2015, 5,000,000 shares of common stock were issued for 2015 consulting services for which the Company reduced accounts payable by $4,500.

 

Subsequent to December 31, 2015, the Company issued an aggregate of 1,589,010 shares of the Company’s Series B Convertible Preferred Stock (the “Series B Preferred”) in connection with Securities Purchase Agreements (the “Securities Purchase Agreements”) dated December 11, 2015. Pursuant the Securities Purchase Agreements, the Company had agreed to issue, and on March 23, 2016 issued, to certain officers, directors, consultants and service providers (collectively, “Recipients”) and the Recipients had agreed to accept, and on March 23, 2016 received, shares of Series B Preferred in consideration for the satisfaction, in lieu of cash payment, of an aggregate of $1,105,402.72 owed by the Company to the Recipients. Series B Preferred may be converted in whole or in part, from time to time, into One Thousand Nine Hundred Fourteen (1,914) shares of Common Stock. Among the Recipients were (i) Victor F. Keen, the Company’s Chief Executive Officer, who received 1,193,582 shares of Series B Preferred in satisfaction of $685,355 owed to him under certain notes, in connection with certain advances he provided to the Company and for services he provided to the Company; (ii) Ronald W. Robinson, the Company’s Chief Financial Officer, who received 85,771 shares of Series B Preferred in satisfaction of $90,291 owed to him for services he provided to the Company; (iii) Martin Keating, a Director of the Company, who received 19,266 shares of Series B Preferred in satisfaction of $20,281 owed to him under certain notes and for services he provided to the Company; and (iv) Newton, O'Connor, Turner & Ketchum, PC, a law firm of which John O’Connor, a Director of the Company, is a partner, that received 50,149 shares of Series B Preferred in satisfaction of $52,791 owed to it for services provided to the Company.

 

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In connection with the securities issuances reported in this Item, the Company relied upon the exemption from securities registration afforded by Section 4(2) of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”).  No advertising or general solicitation was employed in offering any securities.

 

ITEM 6. SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA

 

N/A

 

ITEM 7. MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATION

 

The following discussion and analysis should be read together with our financial statements and the related notes appearing elsewhere in this Report. This discussion contains forward-looking statements reflecting our current expectations that involve risks and uncertainties. See “Forward-Looking Statements” for a discussion of the uncertainties, risks and assumptions associated with these statements. Actual results and the timing of events could differ materially from those discussed in our forward-looking statements as a result of many factors, including those set forth under “Risk Factors” and elsewhere in this Report.

 

Overview of Business

 

We are a development stage company. Our mission is to pursue, develop and market full-color volumetric 3D technology. Through a SRA with the University of Oklahoma, we have obtained the exclusive worldwide marketing rights to certain 3D display technologies under development by the University. The developments to date have resulted in the University filing seven provisional patents; six of the seven provisional patents have been combined and converted to four utility patents. On May 26, 2009, the United States Patent and Trademark Office (“USPTO”) approved the pending patent called "Volumetric Liquid Crystal Display" for rendering a three-dimensional image and converted it to US patent No. 7,537,345. On December 28, 2010, USPTO approved the pending patent called “Light Surface Display for Rendering a Three-Dimensional Image,” and issued the United States Patent No. 7,858,913.  On December 13, 2011, USPTO approved a continuation patent called “3D Light Surface Display,” and issued the US Patent No. 8,075,139. On August 21, 2012, the USPTO approved a continuation patent called “3D Volumetric Display” and issued the US Patent No. 8,247,755. These patents describe what we are calling our CSpace technology. At this time, we do not own any intellectual property rights in these technologies, and, apart from the SRA with the University, have no contracts or agreements pending to acquire such rights or any other interest in such rights. We plan to market the technology and the intellectual property developed by the University and our staff by targeting various industries, such as retail, manufacturing, entertainment, medical, healthcare, transportation, homeland security and the military. On April 6, 2009, we filed a provisional patent on an emissive two-dimensional screen that is controlled and driven by a standard digital light projector or other optical input source. This provisional patent is called "Flexible/Inflexible Front/Back Projection screen or display" and is owned solely by 3DIcon Corporation.   Through the current agreement with the University of Oklahoma, the University filed a continuation patent application on November 19, 2010, called “3D Light Surface Display”.  This application provides additional protections of our CSpace technology.

 

Since March of 2012, the Company has been evaluating a number of second-generation, glasses-free flat screen 3D display technologies and the companies that are developing these technologies with the possibility of an acquisition of such a company in mind.  Our goal was to identify a new technology that could deliver significantly better performance (3D impact and image quality) than current large area multiple-viewer glasses-free 3D flat screen displays without compromising resolution and brightness, as do current displays.  The ideal company would also have a great technical team, a broad patent portfolio, and a credible technology roadmap to ensure that these competitive advantages are sustainable into the future. As a result of the above evaluation process, the Company previously entered into a non-binding Letter of Intent to acquire Dimension Technologies, Inc. (DTI) www.dti3d.com located in Rochester, NY. However, that Letter of Intent has since expired. Notwithstanding the expiration of the Letter of Intent, the Company’s interest in a potential acquisition of a small 3D flat screen display company remains. Currently, we do not have any agreements in place that would allow entry into the flat screen segment of the glasses-free 3D display industry or digital signage industry and no assurances can be made that such an agreement will ever be consummated.  The Company is not actively seeking such acquisitions in the glasses-free 3D flat screen display segment at this time.

 

Critical Accounting Policies

 

The Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC") defines "critical accounting policies" as those that require application of management's most difficult, subjective or complex judgments, often as a result of the need to make estimates about the effect of matters that are inherently uncertain and may change in subsequent periods. Not all of the accounting policies require management to make difficult, subjective or complex judgments or estimates. However, the following policies could be deemed to be critical within the SEC definition.

 

Research and Development Costs

 

The Company expenses all research and development costs as incurred. Until we have developed a commercial product, all costs incurred in connection with the SRA with the University, as well as all other research and development costs incurred, will be expensed as incurred. After a commercial product has been developed, we will report costs incurred in producing products for sale as assets, but we will continue to expense costs incurred for further product research and development activities.

 

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Stock-Based Compensation

 

Since its inception 3DIcon has used its common stock or warrants to purchase its common stock as a means of compensating our employees and consultants. Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") guidance on accounting for share based payments requires us to estimate the value of securities used for compensation and to charge such amounts to expense over the periods benefited.

 

The estimated fair value at date of grant of options for our common stock is estimated using the Black-Scholes option pricing model, as follows:

 

The expected dividend yield is based on the average annual dividend yield as of the grant date. Expected volatility is based on the historical volatility of our stock. The risk-free interest rate is based on the U.S. Treasury Constant Maturity rates as of the grant date. The expected life of the option is based on historical exercise behavior and expected future experience.

 

Revenue Recognition

 

We recognize revenue when services are performed, and at the time of shipment of products, provided that evidence of an arrangement exists, title and risk of loss have passed to the customer, fees are fixed or determinable, and collection of the related receivable is reasonably assured.

 

We recognize grant revenue in the month earned in accordance with the terms of the grant agreement.

 

Use of Estimates

 

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the accompanying financial statements. Significant estimates made in preparing these financial statements include the estimate of useful lives of property and equipment, the deferred tax valuation allowance, and the fair value of stock options. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

 

Fair Value of Financial Instruments

 

The following methods and assumptions were used to estimate the fair value of each class of financial instrument held by the Company:

 

Current assets and current liabilities - The carrying value approximates fair value due to the short maturity of these items.

 

Debentures payable - The fair value of the Company's debentures payable has been estimated by the Company based upon the liability's characteristics, including interest rate. The carrying value approximates fair value.

 

Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements

 

See the Recently Issued Accounting Standards section of Note 3 to our Financial Statements included in Part II, Item 8 of this report for further details of recent accounting pronouncements.

 

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS FOR THE YEAR ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2015 COMPARED TO THE YEAR ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2014

 

Revenue

 

The Company received $5,122 and $70,748 from the OCAST grant for the years ended December 31, 2015 and 2014, respectively. The OCAST grant was cancelled in March 2015 upon the resignation of the principal investigator.

 

In January 2008 we launched our first software product Pixel Precision. We appointed Digital Light Innovations for the sales and distribution of this product in March 2008. We have earned income of $-0- and $15,000 before commissions and costs from the sales of Pixel Precision for the years ended December 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014, respectively.

 

Research and Development Expenses

 

The research and development expenses were $47,738 for the year ended December 31, 2015 as compared to $198,550 for the year ended December 31, 2014. The decrease was a result of the March 2015 resignation of Dr. Hakki Refai, our principle investigator of $108,000, and the curtailment of research and development activities of $43,000 due to the lack of adequate funding.

 

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General and Administrative Expenses

 

Our general and administrative expenses were $800,012 for the year ended December 31, 2015 as compared to $1,065,167 for the year ended December 31, 2014. The decrease is due to a decrease in legal fees of $203,00 primarily due to the amortization of deferred legal fees related to debentures issued, a decrease of $7,100 in travel and related expense, a decrease in financing fees of $80,200 primarily due to the 3a 10 settlement agreement, in 2014, a decrease of $95,500 in marketing and public relation consultant fees, a decrease in consultant fees of $53,400 and a decrease in shareholder meeting expense of $7,600 from the 2014 shareholder briefing.

 

Interest Expense

 

Interest expense for the year ended December 31, 2015 was $57,787 as compared to $75,735 for the year ended December 31, 2014. The decrease in interest expense resulted from the decrease of $22,400 in amortization of OID from debentures issued, a decrease of $5,300 in interest paid on our outstanding debentures and bridge notes and $10,300 increase in other interest expense for the 115% default rate charged on the Typenex debenture.

 

Financial Condition, Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

Management remains focused on controlling cash expenses. We recognize our limited cash resources and plan our expenses accordingly. We intend to leverage stock-for-services wherever possible. The operating budget consists of the following expenses:

 

· Research and development expenses pursuant to our development of an initial demonstrable prototype and a second prototype for static volume technology.

 

· Acceleration of research and development through increased research personnel as well as other research agencies.

  

  General and administrative expenses: salaries, insurance, investor related expenses, rent, travel, website, etc.

 

· Hiring executive officers for technology, operations and finance.

 

· Development, support and operational costs related to Pixel Precision software.

 

· Professional fees for accounting and audit; legal services for securities and financing; patent research and protection.

 

Our independent registered public accountants, in their audit report accompanying our financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2015, expressed substantial doubt about our ability to continue as a going concern due to our status as a development stage organization with insufficient revenues to fund development and operating expenses.

 

We had net cash of $11,121 at December 31, 2015.

 

We had negative working capital of $1,341,106 at December 31, 2015.

 

During the year ended December 31, 2015, we used $142,491 of cash for operating activities, a decrease of $507,923 or 78% compared to the year ended December 31, 2014. The decrease in the use of cash for operating activities was a result of the decrease in the net loss of approximately $353,000 and the decrease in stock and options issued for service of approximately $48,500 and the change in accounts payable and accrued liabilities in 2015 of approximately $265,000.

 

Cash used in investing activities during the year ended December 31, 2015 and 2014 was $-0-.

 

Cash provided by financing activities during the year ended December 31, 2015 was $119,127, a decrease of $495,003 or 81% compared to the year ended December 31, 2014.  The decrease was the result of a decrease in funding under the terms of the convertible debentures from Golden State and bridge notes issued in 2014 of approximately $578,335 less the cash payments of $83,333 on the Typenex and Global Capital/CPUS debentures.

 

We expect to fund the ongoing operations through the existing financing in place (see below); through raising additional funds as permitted by the terms of Golden State financing as well as reducing our monthly expenses.

 

Our ability to fund the operations of the Company is highly dependent on the underlying stock price of the Company.

 

On November 3, 2006, the Company issued to Golden State a 4.75% convertible debenture in a principal amount of $100,000, due December 2016 as a result of a maturity extension agreement received by the Company in March 2015, and warrants to buy 25,571 shares of the common stock at an exercise price of $381.50 per share.  In connection with each conversion, Golden State is expected to simultaneously exercise a percentage of warrants equal to the percentage of the principal being converted. During 2014, Golden State converted $4,710 of the $100,000 debenture into 98,093,643 shares of common stock, exercised warrants to purchase 1,347 shares of common stock at $381.50 per share based on the formula in the convertible debenture. Additionally Golden State advanced $349,310 against future exercises of warrants of which $513,390 was applied to the exercise of warrants leaving $21,591 of unapplied advances at December 31, 2014.  During the year ended December 31, 2015, Golden State converted $700 of the $100,000 debenture into 59,974,884 shares of common stock, exercised warrants to purchase 200 shares of common stock at $381.50 per share based on the formula in the convertible debenture. Additionally Golden State advanced $54,710 against future exercises of warrants of which $76,246 was applied to the exercise of warrants leaving $55 of unapplied advances at December 31, 2015.

 

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In September 2013, the Company was awarded a grant from Oklahoma Center for the Advancement of Science and Technology (“OCAST”). This matching grant is for $300,000 and had a start date of January 1, 2014. The Company earned $5,122 and $70,748 from the grant during the year ended December 31, 2015 and 2014 respectively. The money was being used to support the development of the Company’s first Product Platform, which will be the basis for a family of products based on the Company’s CSpace® volumetric 3D display technology. The grant was cancelled in March 2015 upon the resignation of Dr. Hakki Refai, the principal investigator under the grant.

 

On December 1, 2010 the Company entered into an agreement with the University pursuant to which the University agreed to convert all sums due to it from the Company in connection with its SRA with the Company, which as of December 1, 2010 amounted to approximately $485,000, into an aggregate of 1,685,714 shares of the Company's common stock. As a result of the debt conversion, the University became the holder of approximately 8% of the outstanding common stock of the Company. Pursuant to the agreement, the shares were subject to a put option allowing the University to require the Company to purchase certain of the shares upon the occurrence of certain events. In addition, the shares were subject to a call option allowing the Company to require the University to sell to the Company the shares then held by the University in accordance with the terms of the agreement. The put options and the call options expired on November 30, 2014 and the Shares are no longer subject to such options.

 

Director Debenture

 

On June 24, 2013, the Company issued to Victor Keen and Martin Keating, Directors of the Company, (“Directors”) 10% convertible debentures in a principal amount of $15,000 each, due June 26, 2014 and subsequently extended to December 26, 2014, again extended to June 30, 2015, and again extended to June 30, 2016. The Directors may elect to convert all or any portion of the outstanding principal amount of the debentures at an exercise price of $0.01 per share. Provided that the debentures are paid in full on or before the maturity date, no interest shall accrue on the unpaid balance of the principal amount. In the event that the debentures are not paid in full on or before the maturity date, interest shall accrue on the unpaid outstanding balance of the principal amount of the debentures from June 26, 2013, until paid, at the fixed rate of ten percent (10%) per annum. Subsequent to December 31, 2015, the Company issued to Mr. Keen and Mr. Keating 1,193,582 and 19,266 shares of its newly designated Series B Preferred, respectively, in accordance with Securities Purchase Agreements dated December 11, 2015, pursuant to which, as a result of the issuance of the Series B Preferred, all amounts owed under these convertible debenture are deemed satisfied, exchanged and converted.

 

Newton, O'Connor, Turner & Ketchum 10% Convertible Debenture

 

On December 20, 2012, the Company issued to Newton, O'Connor, Turner & Ketchum (“NOTK”) a 10% convertible debenture in a principal amount of $29,007, initially due September 30, 2013 and extended to December 31, 2014 and subsequently extended to December 31 , 2015and again extended to June 30, 2016.  NOTK may elect to convert all or any portion of the outstanding principal amount of the debenture at an exercise price of $0.02534 per share. The Company was indebted to NOTK for legal services performed for the Company and reimbursement of expenses in rendition of those services for the period ended December 31, 2012. The debenture was issued in settlement of the indebtedness.  Subsequent to December 31, 2015, the Company issued to NOTK 50,149 shares of its newly designated Series B Preferred in accordance with a Securities Purchase Agreement dated December 11, 2015, pursuant to which, as a result of the issuance of the Series B Preferred, all amounts owed under the 10% convertible debenture are deemed satisfied, exchanged and converted.

 

5% Convertible Bridge Notes

 

On June 6, 2012 and August 1, 2012, the Company issued and sold convertible promissory notes (the “5% Notes") in aggregate principal amount of $415,000 to JMJ Financial (“JMJ”).  The 5% Notes includes a $40,000 original issue discount (the “OID”) that will be prorated based on the advances actually paid to the Company. During 2012, JMJ advanced $150,000 on the 5% Notes and earned $14,000 OID. During 2013, JMJ advanced an additional $120,000 on the 5% Notes and earned $32,205 OID and accrued interest.  During 2013, JMJ converted $203,700 of the 5% Notes into 31,854,924 shares of common stock at an average of $0.00639 per share based on the formula in the 5% Notes. During 2014, JMJ advanced an additional $75,000 on the 5% Notes and earned $5,975 OID and accrued interest.  During 2014, JMJ converted $148,680 of the 5% Notes into 47,848,529 shares of common stock at an average of $0.003 per share based on the formula in the 5% Notes. In addition to the OID, the 5% Notes provides for a one-time interest charge of 5% to be applied to the principal sum advanced.   During 2015, JMJ earned $13,504 OID and accrued interest and converted $63,504 of the 5% Notes into 43,000,000 shares of common stock at an average of $0.002 per share, which retired the remaining balance on the 5% Note. Pursuant to the terms of 5% Notes, JMJ may, at its election, convert all or a part of the $275,000 note and the $140,000 note into shares of the Company's common stock at a conversion rate equal to the lesser of (i) $0.15 and $0.35, respectively or (ii) 70% of the lowest trade price during the twenty-five trading days prior to JMJ’s election to convert. If the Company repays the 5% Notes on or before ninety days from the date it was issued, the interest rate will be zero percent. If the Company does not repay the 5% Notes on or before ninety days from the date it was issued, a one-time interest charge of 5% shall be applied to the principal. The Company did not repay the 5% Notes within the ninety day period. The principal of the 5% Notes is due one year from the date of each of the principal amounts advanced.

 

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10% Convertible Bridge Note to Director

 

On September 11, 2012, the Company issued and sold to Victor F. Keen, a Director and an accredited investor a Convertible Bridge Note (the “Keen Bridge Note”) in the principal amount of $60,000. The sale of the Keen Bridge Notes in the principal of $60,000 included a $10,000 OID. Accordingly, the Company received $50,000 gross proceeds. The Keen Bridge Note matured 90 days from the date of issuance and, other than the OID, the Keen Bridge Note does not carry interest. However, in the event the Keen Bridge Note is not paid on maturity, all past due amounts will accrue interest at 15% per annum. Upon maturity of the Keen Bridge Note, the holders of the Keen Bridge Note may elect to convert all or any portion of the outstanding principal amount of the Keen Bridge Note into (i) securities sold pursuant to an effective registration statement at the applicable offering price; or (ii) shares of common stock at a conversion price equal to the lesser of 100% of the Volume Weighted Average Price (VWAP), as reported for the 5 trading days prior to (a) the date of issuance of the Keen Bridge Note, (b) the maturity date of the Keen Bridge Note, or (c) the first closing date of the securities sold pursuant an effective registration statement.

 

On January 27, 2014, the Company entered into a fourth amendment agreement (the “Fourth Keen Amendment”) with Mr. Keen. Pursuant to the Fourth Keen Amendment, Mr. Keen agreed to extend the maturity of the Keen Bridge Note from December 31, 2013 to December 31, 2014 and to waive, if any, existing or prior defaults under the Keen Bridge Note or the Keen SPA.

 

On March 16, 2015 (the “Amendment Date”), the Company entered into a fifth amendment agreement (the “Fifth Keen Amendment”) with Keen to amend the Keen Bridge note. Pursuant to the Fifth Keen Amendment, Keen agreed to extend the maturity of the Note from December 31, 2014 to December 31, 2015 (the “New Maturity Date”) and to waive, if any, existing or prior defaults under the Keen Bridge Note or the Keen SPA. Subsequent to December 31, 2015, the Keen Bridge Note was extended to June 30, 2016.

 

Subsequent to December 31, 2015, the Company issued to Mr. Keen 1,193,582 shares of its newly designated Series B Preferred in accordance with Securities Purchase Agreements dated December 11, 2015, pursuant to which, as a result of the issuance of the Series B Preferred, all amounts owed under these convertible debenture are deemed satisfied, exchanged and converted.

 

15% Senior Convertible Bridge Notes due 2014

 

On October 1, 2013 (the “Date of Issuance”), the Company issued and sold to an accredited investor a Senior Convertible Note (the “Senior Note”) in the principal amount of $205,000 and a warrant to purchase 300,000 shares of the Company’s common stock at an exercise price equal to 110% of the closing bid price on September 30, 2013 (the “October 2013 Warrant”). The Senior Note included a $30,750 OID. Accordingly, the Company received $174,250 gross proceeds from which the Company paid legal and documentation fees of $22,500 and placement agent fees of $15,682.

 

The Senior Note matured on July 1, 2014 and did not carry interest. However, in the event the Senior Note was not paid on maturity, all past due amounts would accrue interest at 15% per annum. The Senior Note was paid on maturity and interest was not incurred. At any time subsequent to six months following the Date of Issuance, the Senior Note holder may elect to convert all or any portion of the outstanding principal amount of the Senior Note into shares of Common Stock at a conversion price equal to the lesser of 100% of the VWAP, as reported for the 5 trading days prior to the Date of Issuance or 80% of the average VWAP during the 5 days prior to the date the holder delivers a conversion notice to the Company. During 2014, the holder of the $205,000 note converted $180,000 of the note into 83,705,721 common shares at an average price of $0.0021 per share under the terms of the debenture agreement. During 2014 the remaining $25,000 balance of the note was paid in cash to retire the note.

 

The estimated fair value of the warrants for common stock issued of $2,130 was determined using the Black-Scholes option pricing model. The expected dividend yield of zero is based on the average annual dividend yield as of the issue date. Expected volatility of 173.64% is based on the historical volatility of our stock. The risk-free interest rate of 1.39% is based on the U.S. Treasury Constant Maturity rate for five years as of the issue date. The expected life of five years of the warrant is based on historical exercise behavior and expected future experience.

 

The October 2013 Warrant is exercisable at any time on or after March 31, 2014 and on or prior to the close of business on March 31, 2019. At the election of the October 2013 Warrant holder, the October 2013 Warrant may be exercised using a cashless exercise method.

 

Settlement Agreement

 

On July 26, 2013, the Circuit Court in the 12th Judicial Circuit in and for Sarasota County, Florida (the “Court”), entered an Order Granting Approval of Settlement Agreement (the “Order”) approving, among other things, the fairness of the terms and conditions of an exchange pursuant to Section 3(a)(10) of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, in accordance with a Settlement Agreement (the “Settlement Agreement”) between the Company and IBC Funds, LLC, a Nevada limited liability company (“IBC”), in the matter entitled  IBC Funds, LLC v. 3DIcon Corporation, Case No. 2013 CA 5705 NC (the “Action”). IBC commenced the Action against the Company on July 19, 2013 to recover an aggregate of $197,631 of past-due accounts payable of the Company, which IBC had purchased from certain vendors of the Company pursuant to the terms of separate claim purchase agreements between IBC and each of such vendors (the “Assigned Accounts”), plus fees and costs (the “Claim”). The Assigned Accounts relate to certain research, technical, development, accounting and legal services.  The Order provides for the full and final settlement of the Claim and the Action. The Settlement Agreement became effective and binding upon the Company and IBC upon execution of the Order by the Court on July 26, 2013.

 

 22 

 

 

Pursuant to the terms of the Settlement Agreement approved by the Order, on July 26, 2013, the Company issued 650,000 shares of Common Stock as a settlement fee and agreed to issue, in one or more tranches as necessary, that number of shares equal to $197,631 upon conversion to Common Stock at a conversion rate equal to 65% of the lowest closing bid price of the Common Stock during the ten trading days prior to the date the conversion is requested by IBC minus $0.002.  During 2013, IBC converted $78,789 of the note into 53,720,000 shares of common stock at an average of $0.0015 per share based on the formula in the note.

 

On January 22, 2014 the Company entered into a Mutual Release (the “Release”) with IBC pursuant to which each party would release the other party from any and all obligations pursuant to the Settlement Agreement. In consideration for the Release, IBC accepted and the Company remitted to IBC: (i) a cash payment of $190,000, (ii) an issuance of 9,000,000 shares of the Company’s common stock, pursuant to the terms of the Settlement Agreement under the December 18, 2013 Conversion Notice, and (iii) an issuance of 6,810,811 shares of the Company’s common stock, pursuant to the terms of the Settlement Agreement under the January 17, 2014 Conversion Notice (together, the “Consideration”). Pursuant to the Release, IBC agreed that the Consideration was accepted as satisfaction in full of the payments due pursuant to the Settlement Agreement.

 

On January 23, 2014, the Company and IBC filed a Stipulation of Dismissal with Prejudice with the Circuit Court in the 12th Judicial Circuit in and for Sarasota County, Florida.

 

10% Convertible Debenture due August 2015

 

On August 15, 2014, the Company issued and sold to an accredited investor a Convertible Debenture (the “10% Debenture”) in the principal amount of $150,000. The 10% Debenture included a 3% original issue discount. Accordingly, the Company received $145,500 gross proceeds, from which the Company paid legal and fees of $5,000. During the year ended December 31, 2015, the holder of the 10% Debenture, converted $150,000 of the 10% Debenture into 172,431,667 shares of common stock at an average of $0.0001 per share based on the formula in the 5% Notes. The 10% Debenture hada maturity date of August 15, 2015 and carries a 10% interest rate. Subject to a 4.99% beneficial ownership limitation, the holder of the 10% Debenture may, at any time, elect to convert all or any portion of the outstanding principal amount of the 10% Debenture into shares of Common Stock at a conversion price equal Sixty Five Percent (65%) of the lowest traded VWAP, determined on the then current trading market for the Company’s common stock, for 15 trading days prior to conversion.

 

Series A Convertible Preferred Stock

 

January 23, 2014, the Company sold to Victor Keen, the Company’s Chief Executive Officer and a member of the Company’s Board of Directors, 190,000 Units for a purchase price of $190,000, as part of the Private Placement (as defined therein) disclosed in the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on December 13, 2013. Pursuant to such Private Placement, the Company received aggregate proceeds equal to $385,000.

 

Advancements by Mr. Victor Keen

 

Mr. Victor F. Keen, Chief Executive Officer of the Company, has entered into several advancement transactions, whereby Mr. Keen provided funds to the Company. Specifically, Mr. Keen advanced the Company $145,000 in October 2015 and $103,000 in July, August, and September 2015. In addition, Mr. Keen has previously advanced the Company $34,000 in November 2014. The total amount of these advancements by Mr. Keen to the Company, as of the date of this filing, is $282,000 and is included in accounts payable.   The Company is also indebted to Mr. Keen for his accrued salary from January 1, 2014 through December 31, 2015 totaling $300,000 and is included in accrued salaries. Additionally, Mr. Keen holds two convertible debentures totaling $75,000 which are included in debentures payable and discussed above.  Subsequent to December 31, 2015, the Company issued to Mr. Keen 1,193,582 shares of its newly designated Series B Preferred in accordance with a Securities Purchase Agreement dated December 11, 2015, pursuant to which, as a result of the issuance of the Series B Preferred, all amounts advanced to the Company are deemed satisfied, exchanged and converted.

 

Series B Convertible Preferred Stock

 

Subsequent to December 31, 2015, the Company issued an aggregate of 1,589,010 shares of the Company’s Series B Convertible Preferred Stock (the “Series B Preferred”) in connection with Securities Purchase Agreements (the “Securities Purchase Agreements”) dated December 11, 2015. Pursuant the Securities Purchase Agreements, the Company had agreed to issue, and on March 23, 2016 issued, to certain officers, directors, consultants and service providers (collectively, “Recipients”) and the Recipients had agreed to accept, and on March 23, 2016 received, shares of Series B Preferred in consideration for the satisfaction, in lieu of cash payment, of an aggregate of $1,105,403 owed by the Company to the Recipients. Series B Preferred may be converted in whole or in part, from time to time, into One Thousand Nine Hundred Fourteen (1,914) shares of Common Stock. Among the Recipients were (i) Victor F. Keen, the Company’s Chief Executive Officer, who received 1,193,582 shares of Series B Preferred in satisfaction of $685,355 owed to him under certain notes, in connection with certain advances he provided to the Company and for services he provided to the Company; (ii) Ronald W. Robinson, the Company’s Chief Financial Officer, who received 85,771 shares of Series B Preferred in satisfaction of $90,291 owed to him for services he provided to the Company; (iii) Martin Keating, a Director of the Company, who received 19,266 shares of Series B Preferred in satisfaction of $20,2812 owed to him under certain notes and for services he provided to the Company; and (iv) Newton, O'Connor, Turner & Ketchum, PC, a law firm of which John O’Connor, a Director of the Company, is a partner, that received 50,149 shares of Series B Preferred in satisfaction of $52,791 owed to it for services provided to the Company.

 

 23 

 

 

Off Balance Sheet Arrangements

 

The Company does not engage in any off balance sheet arrangements that are reasonably likely to have a current or future effect on our financial condition, revenues, and results of operations, liquidity or capital expenditures.

 

Significant Accounting Policies

 

Research and Development Costs

 

The Company expenses all research and development costs as incurred. Until we have developed a commercial product, all costs incurred in connection with the SRA with the University, as well as all other research and development costs incurred, will be expensed as incurred. After a commercial product has been developed, we will report costs incurred in producing products for sale as assets, but we will continue to expense costs incurred for further product research and development activities.

 

Stock-Based Compensation

 

Since its inception 3DIcon has used its common stock or warrants to purchase its common stock as a means of compensating our employees and consultants. Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") guidance on accounting for share based payments requires us to estimate the value of securities used for compensation and to charge such amounts to expense over the periods benefited.

 

The estimated fair value at date of grant of options for our common stock is estimated using the Black-Scholes option pricing model, as follows:

 

The expected dividend yield is based on the average annual dividend yield as of the grant date. Expected volatility is based on the historical volatility of our stock. The risk-free interest rate is based on the U.S. Treasury Constant Maturity rates as of the grant date. The expected life of the option is based on historical exercise behavior and expected future experience.

 

Subsequent Events

 

Keen Bridge Note

 

In March 2016 Mr. Keen agreed to extend the maturity of the Note from December 31, 2015 to June 30, 2016.

 

Frietag consulting Agreement

 

Subsequent to December 31, 2015, 5,000,000 shares of common stock were issued for 2015 consulting services for which the Company reduced accounts payable by $4,500.

 

Incentive Stock Plan

 

Shares totaling 8,445,946 were issued from the 2015 EIP during 2016 for prior services rendered for which the Company reduced accounts payable by $12,500. There are 4,800,312 shares available for issuance under the 2015 EIP.

 

Series B Convertible Preferred Stock

 

On March 21, 2016, 3DIcon Corporation, an Oklahoma corporation (the “Company”), filed with the Secretary of State of the State of Oklahoma a Certificate of Designation (the “Certificate of Designation”), included here as Exhibit 3.1 and incorporated herein by reference, setting for the Preferences, Rights and Limitation of the Company’s Series B Convertible Preferred Stock (the “Series B Preferred”). The Two Million (2,000,000) shares of Series B Preferred designated under the Certificate of Designation have a stated value of $1.00 per share (the “Stated Value”). Under the Certificate of Designation, the holders of the Series B Preferred have the following rights, preferences and privileges:

 

The holders of Series B Preferred are not entitled to receive dividends but have voting rights equal to the number of shares of the Company’s common stock (“Common Stock”) into which their Series B Preferred can be converted, whether or not the shares are available for issuance.

 

 24 

 

 

At the option of the holder, Series B Preferred may be converted in whole or in part, from time to time, into One Thousand Nine Hundred Fourteen (1,914) shares of Common Stock. The Series B Preferred Stock will automatically be converted into Common Stock if (i) at anytime the 5 day average VWAP of the Company’s Common Stock prior to such automatic conversion is equal to $0.10 or more; or (ii) the Company enters into a transaction for which the Company enters into a share exchange agreement or agreement and plan of merger, which agreement is executed within ninety (90) days after the date of the Certificate of Designation and pursuant to which the Company thereafter becomes a consolidated company with another entity, and the Company issues equity securities of the Company. Such automatic conversion would be converted by the same method described above for discretionary conversions.

 

In the event of any i) liquidation, dissolution or winding up of the Company, whether voluntary or involuntary, or ii) sale, merger, consolidation, reorganization or other transaction that results in a change of control of the Company, each holder of a share of Series B Preferred shall be entitled to receive, subject to prior preferences and other rights of any class or series of stock of the Company senior to the Series B Preferred, but prior and in preference to any distribution of any of the assets or surplus funds of the Company to holders of Common Stock, or any other class or series of stock of the Company junior to the Series B Preferred, an amount equal to the Stated Value (as adjusted for any stock dividends, combinations or splits with respect to such shares) (the “Preference Amount”). After such payment has been made to the holders of Series B Preferred of the full Preference Amount to which such holders shall be entitled, the remaining net assets of the Company available for distribution, if any, shall be distributed pro rata among the holders of Common Stock. In the event the funds or assets legally available for distribution to the holders of Series B Preferred are insufficient to pay the Preference Amount, then all funds or assets available for distribution to the holders of capital stock shall be paid to the holders of Series B Preferred pro rata based on the full Preference Amount to which they are entitled.

 

Subsequent to December 31, 2015, the Company issued an aggregate of 1,589,010 shares of Series B Preferred in connection with Securities Purchase Agreements dated December 11, 2015. Pursuant the Securities Purchase Agreements, the Company had agreed to issue, and on March 23, 2016 issued, to certain officers, directors, consultants and service providers and the Recipients had agreed to accept, and on March 23, 2016 received, shares of Series B Preferred in consideration for the satisfaction, in lieu of cash payment, of an aggregate of $1,105,403 owed by the Company to the Recipients. Series B Preferred may be converted in whole or in part, from time to time, into One Thousand Nine Hundred Fourteen (1,914) shares of Common Stock. Among the Recipients were (i) Victor F. Keen, the Company’s Chief Executive Officer, who received 1,193,582 shares of Series B Preferred in satisfaction of $685,3552 owed to him under certain notes, in connection with certain advances he provided to the Company and for services he provided to the Company; (ii) Ronald W. Robinson, the Company’s Chief Financial Officer, who received 85,771 shares of Series B Preferred in satisfaction of $90,291 owed to him for services he provided to the Company; (iii) Martin Keating, a Director of the Company, who received 19,266 shares of Series B Preferred in satisfaction of $20,281 owed to him under certain notes and for services he provided to the Company; and (iv) Newton, O'Connor, Turner & Ketchum, PC, a law firm of which John O’Connor, a Director of the Company, is a partner, that received 50,149 shares of Series B Preferred in satisfaction of $52,791 owed to it for services provided to the Company.

 

ITEM 7A. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

 

N/A

 

ITEM 8. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA

 

All financial information required by this Item is attached hereto at the end of this report beginning on page F-1 and is hereby incorporated by reference.

 

ITEM 9. CHANGES IN AND DISAGREEMENTS WITH ACCOUNTANTS ON ACCOUNTING AND FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE

 

N/A

 

ITEM 9A. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

 

Management's Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting

 

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures. Under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including our President, Chief Financial Officer and Secretary, we evaluated the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rule 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (the "Exchange Act")) as of the end of the period covered by this report. Based upon that evaluation, our President, Chief Financial Officer and Secretary concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures as of the end of the period covered by this report were effective such that the information required to be disclosed by us in reports filed under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 is (i) recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC's rules and forms and (ii) accumulated and communicated to our management to allow timely decisions regarding disclosure. A controls system cannot provide absolute assurance, however, that the objectives of the controls system are met, and no evaluation of controls can provide absolute assurance that all control issues and instances of fraud, if any, within a company have been detected.

 

 25 

 

 

Management's Annual Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting. Our management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Rule 13a-15(f) under the Exchange Act). Our internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes of accounting principles generally accepted in the United States.

 

Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Therefore, even those systems determined to be effective can provide only reasonable assurance of achieving their control objectives.

 

Our management evaluated the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2015. In making this assessment, our management used the 2013 Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission ("COSO") framework, an integrated framework for the evaluation of internal controls issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission. Based on this evaluation, our management concluded that, as of December 31, 2015, our internal control over financial reporting was effective.

 

This annual report does not include an attestation report of our registered public accounting firm regarding internal control over financial reporting. Management's report was not subject to attestation by our registered public accounting firm pursuant to rules of the SEC that permit the Company to provide only management's report in this annual report.

 

Changes. During the most recent quarter ended December 31, 2015, there has been no change in our internal control over financial reporting(as defined in Rule 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f) under the Exchange Act) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

 

ITEM 9B. OTHER INFORMATION

 

None.

 

PART III

 

ITEM 10. DIRECTORS, EXECUTIVE OFFICERS, PROMOTERS AND CONTROL PERSONS; COMPLIANCE WITH SECTION 16(A) OF THE EXCHANGE ACT

 

EXECUTIVE OFFICERS, DIRECTORS AND KEY EMPLOYEES

 

The following table sets forth the names and ages of the members of our Board of Directors and our executive officers and the positions held by each. There are no family relationships among any of our Directors and Executive Officers.

 

Name   Age   Position
Victor F. Keen   74   Chief Executive Officer and Director
Ronald Robinson   70   Chief Financial Officer
John O'Connor   61   Chairman of the Board
Martin Keating   74   Director

 

Victor F. Keen - Chief Executive Officer and Director

 

Victor F. Keen, the largest shareholder of 3DIcon, joined the board in November 2007 and became CEO November 1, 2013. Mr. Keen is a graduate of Harvard Law School and Trinity College. Until recently he was the chair of the Tax Practice Group at the international law firm, Duane Morris, LLP. Mr. Keen has become Of Counsel to the firm and devotes the majority of his time to his board memberships as well as real estate investments in New York City. For more than ten years Mr. Keen has served on the board of Research Frontiers (NASDAQ: REFR), a developer of “Smart Glass” through licensees around the world. For the past five years he has also served as the head of the Compensation Committee for Research Frontiers. Recently, Mr. Keen assumed the position of Board Observer for Egenix, Inc., a bioresearch firm focused on developing treatments for several specific cancers. Mr. Keen has been an active investor in a number of companies, both start up and later stage, including: Lending Tree, acquired by IAC Interactive Corp. (NASDAQ:IACI), a company controlled by Barry Diller; Circle Lending, Inc., now part of Richard Branson’s Virgin empire; and Rollover Systems, Inc., a privately held company involved in the matching of individual IRA/pension accounts with appropriate managers.

 

Ronald Robinson - Chief Financial Officer

 

Ronald Robinson was appointed Chief Financial Officer on January 28, 2013. He was a partner in three large local CPA firms spanning the last forty years, the latest of which was Sutton Robinson Freeman & Co., PC, from 1999 through 2010, of which he was the managing partner and performed SEC/PCOAB audits for several clients, including 3DIcon Corporation. He has been an SEC compliance and accounting consultant for 3DIcon Corporation since 2010. He is licensed to practice by the Oklahoma Board of Accountancy and is a member of the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants and the Oklahoma Society of Certified Public Accountants. Mr. Robinson, CPA is a graduate of East Central University Ada, Oklahoma with a BS in Accounting.

 

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John O' Connor - Chairman of the Board of Directors

 

John O'Connor has been a director of the Company since October 2006. Mr. O’Connor is Chairman of the Board of the Tulsa law firm of Newton, O'Connor, Turner & Ketchum. He has practiced law in Tulsa since 1981, concentrating in the areas of corporate and commercial law. Mr. O’Connor has served two terms on the board of the Oklahoma Bar Association-Young Lawyers Division, and he has served on several committees of the Tulsa County Bar Association. He is a former member of the Oklahoma Academy of Mediators and Arbitrators, and has served as a Barrister in The Council Oak American Inn of Court.

 

Mr. O'Connor is a regular presenter at continuing legal education seminars sponsored by the Oklahoma Bar Association and the University Of Tulsa College Of Law. Mr. O'Connor is a member of the American Bar Association, the Oklahoma Bar Association, and the Tulsa County Bar Association. He is admitted to practice before the U.S. District Court of the Northern District of Oklahoma and state courts in Oklahoma and the U.S. Tax Court. He is a member of the Cherokee Nation Bar Association. Mr. O’Connor received his law degree from the University Of Tulsa College Of Law and his BA in political science from Oklahoma State University. He studied international law at the Friedreich Wilhelm RheinischeUniverstat in Bonn, Germany.

 

Martin Keating - Director

 

Martin Keating was Chief Executive Officer until August 8, 2011 and has been a director of the Company since 1998. As the founder, chairman, and CEO of 3DIcon Corporation, Mr. Keating has applied his vision and efforts to the creation and development of breakthrough 3D technology. Prior to founding the company, Mr. Keating structured and managed numerous investment vehicles including the capitalization and NASDAQ listing of CIS Technologies, where he served as general counsel. He also completed financing of the Academy Award-winning motion picture, “The Buddy Holly Story”. Mr. Keating has been a guest lecturer at several colleges and universities across the country. He has been featured on national television and radio programs including CNN, CNBC, HARD COPY, etc. In 1996, Mr. Keating published “The Final Jihad," a terrorist suspense novel which was excerpted four times by King Features Syndicate for more than 1,500 newspapers. Mr. Keating is an attorney licensed to practice law in Oklahoma and Texas.

 

Audit Committee

 

On February 25, 2008, the Board of Directors created an Audit Committee comprising of Mr. Victor Keen.

 

Compensation Committee

 

On February 25, 2008, the Board of Directors created a Compensation Committee comprising of Mr. Victor Keen.

 

Nomination and Corporate Governance Committee

 

On February 25, 2008, the Board of Directors created Nominations and Corporate Governance Committee comprising of Mr. Victor Keen.

 

Director or Officer Involvement in Certain Legal Proceedings

 

Our directors and executive officers were not involved in any legal proceedings as described in Item 401(f) of Regulation S-K in the past ten years.

 

Board Leadership Structure and Role in Risk Oversight

 

Although we have not adopted a formal policy on whether the Chairman and Chief Executive Officer positions should be separate or combined, in the past we determined that it was in the best interests of the Company and its shareholders to combine these roles. From the inception of the Company through June 13, 2011, Martin Keating served as our Chairman and Chief Executive Officer. Due to the small size and early stage of the Company, we believe it was most effective to have the Chairman and Chief Executive Officer positions combined. Since June 13, 2011, the role of the Company’s Chief Executive Officer and the Chairman, or any member, of the Board of Directors was separated.

 

Our Board of Directors receives and reviews periodic reports from management, auditors, legal counsel, and others, as considered appropriate regarding our Company's assessment of risks. Our Board of Directors focuses on the most significant risks facing our Company and our Company's general risk management strategy, and also ensure that risks undertaken by us are consistent with the Board's appetite for risk. While the Board oversees our Company's risk management, management is responsible for day-to-day risk management processes. We believe this division of responsibilities is the most effective approach for addressing the risks facing our company and that our board leadership structure and role in risk oversight is effective.

 

Code of Ethics

 

We have not adopted a Code of Ethics and Business Conduct for Officers, Directors and Employees that applies to all of our officers, directors and employees.

 

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Employment Agreement

 

Employment Agreement - On March 13, 2012, the Company entered into a one (1) year Agreement for At-Will Employment with Assignment of Inventions (“Employment Agreement”) with Mark Willner, pursuant to which Mr. Willner began serving as the Company’s Chief Executive Officer. Under the terms of the Employment Agreement, Mr. Willner was entitled to an annual base salary of $180,000, and, at the discretion of the Company’s Board of Directors, performance-based bonuses and/or salary increases. Pursuant to the Employment Agreement, the Company granted Mr. Willner five-year stock options to purchase 57,143 shares at a price equal to the average price of the five day period prior to March 19, 2012 which was $0.35 (the “Strike Price”). Furthermore, since Mr. Willner remained employed by the Company at the end of each quarter ending June 30, 2012, September 30, 2012 and December 31, 2012, he received additional stock options to purchase 28,571.5 shares at the Strike Price. In addition, since the Company achieved certain quarterly business objectives, Mr. Willner received, at the end of each such quarterly period, a further grant of stock options to purchase 28,571.5 shares at the Strike Price. The estimated fair value of each of the 57,143 block of options, valued at $18,840, was determined using the Black-Scholes option pricing model and was charged to operations in March 2012, June 2012, September 2012 and December 2012. The expected dividend yield of $-0- is based on the average annual dividend yield as of the grant date. Expected volatility of 163% is based on the historical volatility of the stock since July 25, 2007, the day the Company began trading on the Over-The-Counter Bulletin Board. The risk-free interest rate of 1.87% is based on the U.S. Treasury Constant Maturity rates as of the grant date. The expected life of the option of five years is based on historical exercise behavior and expected future experience.

 

On November 1, 2013, Mark Willner resigned as Chief Executive Officer of 3DIcon Corporation in order to allow Victor F. Keen to take over in his place as the Company’s Chief Executive Officer.

 

Mr. Willner’s resignation was not a result of any dispute with the Company. Furthermore, Mr. Willner assumed a strategic consulting role with the Company, focusing his efforts on the commercialization of and business development of the Company’s patented 3D display technology, CSpace®.

 

Mr. Keen, formerly Co-Chairman of the Company’s Board of Directors, remained a member of the Board while John M. O’Connor, also a former Co-Chairman, was elected as the sole Chairman of the Board. Mr. Keen has been a member of the Board since November 2007.

 

Employment Agreement - On March 16, 2012, the Company entered into a one (1) year Agreement for At-Will Employment with Assignment of Inventions (“Employment Agreement”) with George Melnik, pursuant to which Dr. Melnik began serving as the Company’s Senior Technical Advisor. Under the terms of the Employment Agreement, Dr. Melnik was entitled to an annual base salary of $144,000, and, at the discretion of the Company’s Board of Directors, performance-based bonuses and/or salary increases. Pursuant to the Employment Agreement, the Company granted Dr. Melnik five-year stock options to purchase 28,571 shares at a price equal to the average price of the five day period prior to March 16, 2012 which was $0.35 (the “Strike Price”). Furthermore, since Dr. Melnik remained employed by the Company at the end of each quarter ending June 30, 2012, September 30, 2012 and December 31, 2012, he received additional stock options to purchase 28,571 shares at the Strike Price. In addition, since the Company achieved certain quarterly business objectives, Dr. Melnik received, at the end of each such quarterly period, a further grant of stock options to purchase 28,571 shares at the Strike Price. The estimated fair value of each of the 28,571 block of options, valued at $9,420, was determined using the Black-Scholes option pricing model and was charged to operations in March 2012, June 2012, September 2012 and December 2012. The expected dividend yield of $-0- is based on the average annual dividend yield as of the grant date. Expected volatility of 163% is based on the historical volatility of the stock since July 25, 2007, the day the Company began trading on the Over-The-Counter Bulletin Board. The risk-free interest rate of 1.87% is based on the U.S. Treasury Constant Maturity rates as of the grant date. The expected life of the option of five years is based on historical exercise behavior and expected future experience.

 

The Employment Agreement could be terminated with or without reason by either the Company or Dr. Melnik and at any time, upon sixty (60) days written notice. The Employment Agreement was mutually terminated on November 30, 2014.

 

Employment Agreement - On January 28, 2013, the Board of Directors of the Company appointed Ronald Robinson to serve as the Company’s Chief Financial Officer. Accordingly, the Company decided not to renew its agreement with Christopher T. Dunstan pursuant to which Mr. Dunstan served as the Company’s Interim Chief Financial Officer. The Company’s appointment of Mr. Robinson and decision not to renew its agreement with Mr. Dunstan was not as a result of any disagreement between the Company and Mr. Dunstan.

 

Section 16(a) Beneficial Ownership Reporting Compliance

 

Section 16(a) of the Exchange Act requires our directors and executive officers and persons who own more than 10% of the issued and outstanding shares of our common stock to file reports of initial ownership of common stock and other equity securities and subsequent changes in that ownership with the SEC. Officers, directors and greater than ten percent stockholders are required by SEC regulation to furnish us with copies of all Section 16(a) forms they file. During the year ended December 31, 2015, all Section 16(a) filing requirements applicable to our officers, directors and greater than 10% beneficial owners were complied with.

 

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ITEM 11. EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION

 

The following table sets forth all compensation earned in respect of our Chief Executive Officer and those individuals who received compensation in excess of $100,000 per year, collectively referred to as the named executive officers, for our last three completed fiscal years.

 

SUMMARY COMPENSATION TABLE

 

The following information is furnished for the years ended December 31, 2015, 2014 and 2013 for our principal executive officer and the two most highly compensated officers other than our principal executive officer who was serving as such at the end of our last completed fiscal year:

  

Name &
Principal
Position
  Year  Salary
($)
   Bonus
($)
   Stock
Awards
($)
   Option
Awards
($)
   Non-Equity
Incentive Plan
Compensation ($)
   Change in
Pension Value
and Non-Qualified
Deferred
Compensation
Earnings
($)
   All Other
Compensation ($)
   Total
($)
 
Victor Keen  2015  $150,000   $-   $-   $-   $       -   $          -   $         -   $150,000 
CEO*  2014  $150,000   $-   $-   $-   $-   $-   $-   $150,000 
  2013  $-   $-   $-   $-   $-   $-   $-   $- 
                                            
Mark Willner  2015  $-   $-   $-   $-   $-   $-   $-   $- 
Former CEO **  2014  $162,000   $-   $-   $-   $-   $-   $-   $162,000 
  2013  $173,000   $-   $-   $75,360   $-   $-   $-   $  248,300 
                                            
Ronald Robinson  2015  $72,000   $-   $-   $-   $-   $-   $-   $72,000 
CFO ****  2014  $72,000   $-   $-   $-   $-   $-   $-   $72,000 
  2013  $66,000   $-   $-   $-   $-   $-   $-   $66,000 
                                            
Chris Dunstan  2015  $-   $-   $-   $-   $-   $-   $-   $- 
Former CFO ***  2014  $-   $-   $-   $-   $-   $-   $-   $- 
  2013  $5,000   $-   $-   $-   $-   $-   $-   $5,000 
                                            
Martin Keating  2015  $-   $-   $-   $-   $-   $-   $-   $- 
Director &  2014  $-   $5,000   $-   $-   $-   $-   $-   $5,000 
Former CEO  2013  $-   $-   $-   $-   $-   $-   $-   $- 
                                            
Hakki Refai  2015  $36,000   $-   $-   $-   $-   $-   $-   $36,000 
   2014  $144,000   $-   $-   $-   $-   $-   $-   $144,000 
   2013  $144,000   $-   $-   $-   $-   $-   $-   $144,000 

 

* Victor Keen was appointed CEO November 1, 2013 and waived any compensation for 2013.

 

** Mark Willner was the Company’s Chief Executive Officer from March 19, 2012 to November 1, 2013. See the “Employment Agreement” section for a discussion of Mr. Willner’s compensation arrangement.

 

*** On January 28, 2013, the Company decided not to renew its agreement with Christopher T. Dunstan pursuant to which Mr. Dunstan served as the Company’s Interim Chief Financial Officer.
   
**** Ronald Robinson was appointed CFO of the Company effective January 28, 2013. 

 

OUTSTANDING EQUITY AWARDS AT FISCAL YEAR END

 

The following table sets forth with respect to grants of options to purchase our common stock to the executive officers as of December 31, 2015:

 

Name  Number of
Securities
Underlying
Unexercised
Options
#
Exercisable
   Number of
Securities
Underlying
Unexercised
Options
#
Un-exercisable
   Equity
Incentive
Plan Awards:
Number of
Securities
Underlying
Unexercised
Unearned
Options
#
   Option
Exercise
Price
$
   Option
Expiration
Date
   Number
of
Shares
or Units
of Stock
That
Have Not
Vested
#
   Market
Value
of
Shares
or Units
of Stock
That
have
not
vested
$
   Equity
Incentive
Plan
Awards:
Number of
Unearned
Shares Units
or Other
Rights That
Have Not
Vested #
   Equity
Incentive
Plan
Awards
Market or
Payout
Value of
Unearned
Shares Units
or Other
Rights That
have not
Vested
$
 
Victor Keen, CEO   11,078,538         -             $0.01 to 0.234    2018-2022        -        -        -        - 
Mark Willner,
former CEO
   228,572    -    -   $0.35    2017    -    -    -    - 

 

 29 

 

 

Director Compensation 2015

 

Name  Fees
Earned or
Paid in
Cash ($)
   Stock
Awards
($)
   Option
Awards
($)
   Non-Equity
Incentive Plan
Compensation
($)
   Change in
Pension
Value and
Nonqualified
Deferred
Compensation
Earnings ($)
   All Other
Compensation
($)
   Total ($) 
Victor Keen  $150,000    -   $   -        -        -        -   $150,000 
Martin Keating  $-    -   $-    -    -    -   $- 
John O'Connor  $-    -   $-    -    -    -   $- 
Sidney Aroesty  $-    -   $-    -    -    -   $- 

 

ITEM 12. SECURITY OWNERSHIP OF CERTAIN BENEFICIAL OWNERS AND MANAGEMENT AND RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS

 

SECURITY OWNERSHIP OF CERTAIN BENEFICIAL OWNERS AND MANAGEMENT

 

The following table provides information about shares of common stock beneficially owned as of March 30, 2016 by:

 

· each director;

 

· each officer named in the summary compensation table;

 

· each person owning of record or known by us, based on information provided to us by the persons named below, to own beneficially at least 5% of our common stock; and

 

· all directors and executive officers as a group.

 

   Number of
Shares
Beneficially
      Percentage 
Name of Beneficial Owner (1)  Owned (7)   Class of Stock  Outstanding (2)(7) 
Victor F. Keen, CEO, Director(3)(7)   67,848,690   Common   4.68%
              
Ronald Robinson , CFO(4)(7)   222,426   Common   *%
              
Martin Keating , Director(5)(7)   2,635,524   Common   *%
              
John O'Connor, Director (6)(7)   2,968,888   Common   *%
              
All directors and executive officers as a group (4 persons)   73,675,527   Common   5.07%

 

* Less than 1%

 

(1) Unless otherwise indicated, the address of each beneficial owner listed below is c/o 3DIcon Corporation, 6804 South Canton Avenue, Suite 150, Tulsa, Oklahoma 74136.
(2) Applicable percentage ownership is based on 1,384,399,001 shares of common stock outstanding as of March [*], 2016. Beneficial ownership is determined in accordance with the rules of the Securities and Exchange Commission and generally includes voting or investment power with respect to securities. Options to acquire shares of common stock that are currently exercisable or exercisable within 60 days of March [*], 2016 are deemed to be beneficially owned by the person holding such securities for the purpose of computing the percentage of ownership of such person, but are not treated as outstanding for the purpose of computing the percentage.
(3) Represents 3,020,152 shares owned by Mr. Keen and (i) 11,078,538 shares of common stock issuable upon exercise of vested options to purchase 11,078,538 shares of common stock at a weighted average of $0.09 per share; (ii) 1,500,000 shares of common stock issuable upon conversion of a $15,000 Convertible Note; (iii) 19,000,000 shares of common stock issuable upon conversion of a 265,000 shares of Series A convertible Preferred stock; (iv) 20,000,000 common stock issuable upon conversion of a $60,000 convertible Note assuming a $0.003 conversion price; (v) 13,250,000 shares of common stock issuable upon exercise of warrants to purchase shares of common stock. Victor Keen is our Chief Executive Officer and Director. Does not include the 1,193,582 shares of Series B Preferred held by Mr. Keen or the Common Stock into which the Series B Preferred are convertible.

 

 30 

 

 

(4) Represents 178,366 shares owned by Mr. Robinson, 999 shares in Mr. Robinson’s IRA, and 43,061 shares owned by Robinson, Freeman, PC, a corporation of which Mr. Robinson owns a 50% interest. Ronald Robinson is our Chief Financial Officer. Does not include the 85,771 shares of Series B Preferred held by Mr. Robinson or the Common Stock into which the Series B Preferred are convertible.
(5) Represents (i) 1,942,499 shares of common stock owned by Mr. Keating, (ii) 286,453 options and (iii) 406,572 shares of common stock owned by Mr. Keating's wife, Judy Keating. Does not include the 19,266 shares of Series B Preferred held by Mr. Keating or the Common Stock into which the Series B Preferred are convertible.
(6) Represents (i) 3,143 shares of common stock owned by Mr. O'Connor and (ii) 2,857 shares of common stock owned by the John M. and Lucia D. O'Connor Revocable Living Trust over which Mr. O'Connor has voting and investment control and, (iii) 619,205 shares owned by Newton O’Connor & Ketchum (“NOTK”), a corporation of which Mr. O’Conner is partial owner; (iv) 1,144,710 shares of common stock issuable upon conversion of a $29,007 Convertible Note owned by NOTK; and (v) 1,198,973 options and warrants owned by Mr. O'Connor or NOTK. Does not include the 50,149 shares of Series B Preferred held by NOTK or the Common Stock into which the Series B Preferred are convertible.
(7) None of the beneficially owned shares or percentages of the outstanding include shares of Common Stock into which the respective holdings of Series B Preferred could be converted. Due to the lack of authorized and unreserved shares of Common Stock, the Company is currently unable to issue shares of Common Stock, even if the holders of Series B Preferred stock were to request conversion. However, if the Company had enough authorized shares, each share of Series B Preferred owned by the respective officer or director would be convertible into 1,914 shares of Common Stock.

 

ITEM 13. CERTAIN RELATIONSHIPS AND RELATED TRANSACTIONS, AND DIRECTOR INDEPENDENCE

 

Other than as set forth below, during the last two fiscal years there have not been any relationships, transactions, or proposed transactions to which 3DIcon was or is to be a party, in which any of the directors, officers, or 5% or greater stockholders (or any immediate family thereof) had or is to have a direct or indirect material interest.

 

3DIcon has engaged the law firm of Newton, O'Connor, Turner & Ketchum as its outside corporate counsel from 2005 through 2008 and certain legal services subsequent to 2008. John O'Connor, a director of 3DIcon, is the Chairman of Newton, O'Connor, Turner & Ketchum.

 

Subsequent to December 31, 2015, the Company issued an aggregate of 1,589,010 shares of the Company’s Series B Convertible Preferred Stock (the “Series B Preferred”) in connection with Securities Purchase Agreements (the “Securities Purchase Agreements”) dated December 11, 2015. Pursuant the Securities Purchase Agreements, the Company had agreed to issue, and on March 23, 2016 issued, to certain officers, directors, consultants and service providers (collectively, “Recipients”) and the Recipients had agreed to accept, and on March 23, 2016 received, shares of Series B Preferred in consideration for the satisfaction, in lieu of cash payment, of an aggregate of $1,105,402.72 owed by the Company to the Recipients. Series B Preferred may be converted in whole or in part, from time to time, into One Thousand Nine Hundred Fourteen (1,914) shares of Common Stock. Among the Recipients were (i) Victor F. Keen, the Company’s Chief Executive Officer, who received 1,193,582 shares of Series B Preferred in satisfaction of $685,354.62 owed to him under certain notes, in connection with certain advances he provided to the Company and for services he provided to the Company; (ii) Ronald W. Robinson, the Company’s Chief Financial Officer, who received 85,771 shares of Series B Preferred in satisfaction of $90,291.25 owed to him for services he provided to the Company; (iii) Martin Keating, a Director of the Company, who received 19,266 shares of Series B Preferred in satisfaction of $20,280.82 owed to him under certain notes and for services he provided to the Company; and (iv) Newton, O'Connor, Turner & Ketchum, PC, a law firm of which John O’Connor, a Director of the Company, is a partner, that received 50,149 shares of Series B Preferred in satisfaction of $52,791.49 owed to it for services provided to the Company.

 

Director Independence

 

Of the members of the Company's Board of Directors, none of the members are considered to be independent under the listing standards of the Rules of NASDAQ set forth in the NASDAQ Manual.

 

ITEM 14. PRINCIPAL ACCOUNTANT FEES AND SERVICES

 

Audit Fees

 

The aggregate fees billed by our principal accountant for the audit of our annual financial statements, review of financial statements included in the quarterly reports and other fees that are normally provided by the accountant in connection with statutory and regulatory filings or engagements for the fiscal years ended December 31, 2015 and 2014 were approximately $72,000 and $68,700, respectively.

 

Audit-Related Fees

 

The aggregate fees billed by our principal accountant for assurance and advisory services that were related to the performance of the audit or review of our financial statements for the fiscal years ended December 31, 2015 and 2014 were $0 and $0, respectively.

 

 31 

 

 

Tax Fees

 

The aggregate fees billed for professional services rendered by our principal accountant for tax compliance, tax advice and tax planning for the fiscal years ended December 31, 2015 and 2014 were $0 and $0, respectively.

 

All Other Fees

 

The aggregate fees billed for products and services provided by our principal accountant for the fiscal years ended December 31, 2015 and 2014 were $0 and $0, respectively.

 

Policy on Audit Committee Pre-Approval of Audit and Permissible Non-Audit Services of Independent Auditors

 

The Audit Committee's policy is to pre-approve all audit and permissible non-audit services provided by the independent auditors. These services may include audit services, audit-related services, tax services and other services. Pre-approval is generally provided for up to one year and any pre-approval is detailed as to the particular service or category of services and is generally subject to a specific budget. The independent auditors and management are required to periodically report to our Board of Directors regarding the extent of services provided by the independent auditors in accordance with this pre-approval, and the fees for the services performed to date. The Board of Directors may also pre-approve particular services on a case-by-case basis.

 

 32 

 

 

PART IV

 

ITEM 15. EXHIBITS

 

3.1 Certificate of Incorporation (1)
   
3.2 Bylaws (1)
   
3.3 Amended Certificate of Incorporation (1)
   
3.4 Amended Certificate of Incorporation (1)
   
3.5 Amended Certificate of Incorporation (1)
   
3.6 Amended Certificate of Incorporation (3)
   
3.7 Amended Certificate of Incorporation (6)
   
3.8 Amendment to the Bylaws as of April 4, 2013 (14)
   
3.9 Certificate of Designation of Preferences, Rights and Limitation of Series A Convertible Preferred Stock (20)
   
3.10 Certificate of Designation of Preferences, Rights and Limitation of Series B Convertible Preferred Stock (23)
   
4.1 Convertible Promissory Note dated August 1, 2012 issued to JMJ Financial (7)
   
4.2 Form of Convertible Bridge Note (8)
   
4.3 Form of Convertible Debenture dated June 25, 2013 (18)
   
4.4 Senior Convertible Note dated October 1, 2013 (19)
   
4.5 Convertible Promissory Note dated March 5, 2015 (22)
   
4.6 Convertible Note dated March 4, 2015 (22)
   
10.1 Securities Purchase Agreement (1)
   
10.2 Amendment No. 1 to Securities Purchase Agreement and Debenture (1)
   
10.3 Registration Rights Agreement dated November 3, 2006(1)
   
10.4 $100,000 convertible debenture (1)
   
10.5 $1.25 million convertible debenture dated November 3, 2006 (1)
   
10.6 Common Stock Purchase Warrant (1)
   
10.7 Sponsored Research Agreement by and between 3DIcon Corporation and the Board of Regents of the University of Oklahoma (1)
   
10.8 Sponsored Research Agreement Modification No. 1 by and between 3DIcon Corporation and the Board of Regents of the University of Oklahoma (1)
   
10.9 Sponsored Research Agreement Modification No. 2 by and between 3DIcon Corporation and the Board of Regents of the University of Oklahoma (1)
   
10.10 Amendment No. 2 to Securities Purchase Agreement, Debentures, and Registration Rights Agreement (2)

 

 33 

 

 

10.11 Securities Purchase Agreement dated June 11, 2007 (2)

 

10.12 $700,000 Convertible Debenture (2)
   
10.13 $1.25 million convertible debenture dated November 21, 2007 (4)
   
10.14 Registration Rights Agreement dated November 21, 2007 (4)
   
10.15 Agreement to Convert Debt to Stock dated November 30, 2010 (5)
   
10.16 Agreement for At-Will Employment with Assignment of Inventions, dated June 13, 2011 (9)
   
10.17 Agreement for At-Will Employment with Assignment of Inventions, dated March 19, 2012 (10)
   
10.18 Registration Rights Agreement dated August 1, 2012 (11)
   
10.19 Form of Securities Purchase Agreement (8)
   
10.20 Amendment Agreement dated December 21, 2012 (12)
   
10.21 Form Amendment Agreement dated January 26, 2013 (13)
   
10.22 Third Amendment to Securities Purchase Agreement and Convertible Note, dated July 22, 2013 (15)
   
10.23 Settlement Agreement, dated July 17, 2013 (16)
   
10.24 Order Granting Approval of Settlement Agreement, dated July 26, 2013 (16)
   
10.25 Second Amendment to Securities Purchase Agreement and Convertible Note, dated July 30, 2013 (17)
   
10.26 Securities Purchase Agreement, dated October 1, 2013 (19)
   
10.27 Common Stock Purchase Warrant, dated October 1, 2013 (19)
   
10.28 Form of Common Stock Purchase Warrant (20)
   
10.29 Form of Securities Purchase Agreement (20)
   
10.30 Mutual Release, dated January 17, 2014 (21)
   
10.31 Stipulation of Dismissal with Prejudice, dated January 22, 2014 (21)
   
10.32 Securities Purchase Agreements dated December 11, 2015 (23)
   
31.1 Certification by Chief Executive Officer, required by Rule 13a-14(a) or Rule 15d-14(a) of the Exchange Act
   
31.2 Certification by Chief Financial Officer, required by Rule 13a-14(a) or Rule 15d-14(a) of the Exchange Act
   
32.1 Certification by Chief Executive Officer, required by Rule 13a-14(b) or Rule 15d-14(b) of the Exchange Act and Section 1350 of Chapter 63 of Title 18 of the United States Code
   
32.2 Certification by Chief Financial Officer, required by Rule 13a-14(b) or Rule 15d-14(b) of the Exchange Act and Section 1350 of Chapter 63 of Title 18 of the United States Code

 

101.INS XBRL Instance
   
101.SCH XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema
   
101.CAL XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation

 

 34 

 

 

101.DEF XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition
   
101.LAB XBRL Taxonomy Extension Labels
   
101.PRE XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation

 

(1) Incorporated by reference to Form SB-2 as filed on December 15, 2006 (File No. 333-139420) and subsequently withdrawn on February 5, 2007
   
(2) Incorporated by reference to Form SB-2 as filed on June 14, 2007 (File No. 333-143761)
   
(3) Incorporated by reference to Current Report on Form 8-K as filed on December 7, 2010 (File No. 333-143761)
   
(4) Incorporated by reference to Current Report on Form 8-K as filed on November 26, 2007 (File No. 333-143761)
   
(5) Incorporated by reference to Current Report on Form 8-K as filed on December 23, 2010 (File No. 333-143761)
   
(6) Incorporated by reference to Current Report on Form 8-K as filed on May 2, 2012 (File No. 333-143761)
   
(7) Incorporated by reference to Current Report on Form 8-K as filed on August 7, 2012 (File No. 000-54697)
   
(8) Incorporated by reference to Current Report on Form 8-K as filed on August 31, 2012 (File No. 000-54697)
   
(9) Incorporated by reference to Current Report on Form 8-K as filed on June 14, 2011 (File No. 333-143761)
   
(10) Incorporated by reference to Current Report on Form 8-K as filed on March 21, 2012 (File No. 333-143761)
   
(11) Incorporated by reference to Current Report on Form 8-K as filed on August 7, 2012 (File No. 000-54697)
   
(12) Incorporated by reference to Current Report on Form 8-K as filed on December 31, 2012 (File No. 000-54697)
   
(13) Incorporated by reference to Current Report on Form 8-K as filed on January 31, 2013 (File No. 000-54697)
   
(14) Incorporated by reference to Current Report on Form 8-K as filed on April 5, 2013 (File No. 000-54697)
   
(15) Incorporated by reference to Current Report on Form 8-K as filed on July 26, 2013 (File No. 000-54697)
   
(16) Incorporated by reference to Current Report on Form 8-K as filed on July 31, 2013 (File No. 000-54697)
   
(17) Incorporated by reference to Current Report on Form 8-K as filed on August 5, 2013 (File No. 000-54697)
   
(18) Incorporated by reference to Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q as filed on August 14, 2013 (File No. 000-54697)

 

(19) Incorporated by reference to Current Report on Form 8-K as filed on October 7, 2013 (File No. 000-54697)
   
(20) Incorporated by reference to Current Report on Form 8-K as filed on December 13, 2013 (File No. 000-54697)
   
(21) Incorporated by reference to Current Report on Form 8-K as filed on January 28, 2014 (File No. 000-54697)
   
(22) Incorporated by reference to Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q as filed on May 15, 2015 (File No. 000-54697)
   
(23) Incorporated by reference to Current Report on Form 8-K as filed on March 24, 2016 (File No. 000-54697)

 

 35 

 

 

SIGNATURES

 

In accordance with Section 13 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act, the registrant caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

 

  3DICON CORPORATION
   
Date: March 30, 2016 /s/ Victor F. Keen
  Name: Victor F. Keen
  Title: Chief Executive Officer
    (Principal Executive Officer)
   
  /s/ Ronald Robinson
  Name: Ronald W. Robinson
  Title: Chief Financial Officer
    (Principal Financial Officer)

 

In accordance with the Exchange Act, this report has been signed below by the following persons on behalf of the registrant and in the capacities and on the dates indicated.

 

SIGNATURE     TITLE   DATE
           
By: /s/ Martin Keating   Director   March 30, 2016
  Martin Keating        
           
By: /s/ John O'Connor   Director   March 30, 2016
  John O'Connor        
           
By: /s/ Victor F. Keen   Director   March 30, 2016
  Victor F. Keen        

 

 36 

 

 

3DIcon CORPORATION

December 31, 2015 and 2014

 

CONTENTS

 

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm F-1
   
Balance Sheets as of December 31, 2015 and 2014 F-2
   
Statements of Operations for the years ended December 31, 2015 and 2014 F-3
   
Statements of Changes in Stockholders' Deficiency for years ended December 31, 2015 and 2014 F-4
   
Statements of Cash Flows for the years ended December 31, 2015 and 2014 F-5
   
Notes to Financial Statements, December 31, 2015 and 2014 F-6

 

   

 

 

REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM

 

 

To the Board of Directors and Stockholders

3DIcon Corporation


We have audited the accompanying balance sheets of 3DIcon Corporation (the Company) as of December 31, 2015 and 2014, and the related statements of operations, stockholders' deficiency, and cash flows for the years then ended. These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company's management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these financial statements based on our audits.


We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement. The Company is not required to have, nor were we engaged to perform, an audit of its internal control over financial reporting. Our audits included consideration of internal control over financial reporting as a basis for designing audit procedures that are appropriate in the circumstances, but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting. Accordingly, we express no such opinion. An audit also includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements, assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.


In our opinion, the financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of 3DIcon Corporation as of December 31, 2015 and 2014, and the results of its operations and its cash flows for the years then ended, in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles.

 

The accompanying financial statements have been prepared assuming that the Company will continue as a going concern. As discussed in Note 1 to the financial statements, the Company is a development stage company having insufficient revenues and capital commitments to fund the development of its planned products. This raises substantial doubt about the Company's ability to continue as a going concern. Management's plan in regard to these matters is also described in Note 1. The financial statements do not include any adjustments that might result from the outcome of this uncertainty.

 

/s/ HOGANTAYLOR LLP

 

Tulsa, Oklahoma

March 30, 2016


 

 F-1 

 

 

3DIcon CORPORATION

BALANCE SHEETS

December 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014

 

   2015   2014 
Assets          
Current assets:          
Cash  $11,121   $34,485 
Prepaid expenses   21,321    17,149 
Total current assets   32,442    51,634 
           
Deferred debt costs, net   -    3,125 
Deposits-other   2,315    2,315 
Total Assets  $34,757   $57,074 
           
Liabilities and Stockholders' Deficiency          
Current liabilities:          
Current maturities of convertible notes and debentures payable  $183,402   $405,791 
Warrant exercise advances   55    21,591 
Accounts payable   823,695    384,639 
Accrued salaries   317,134    158,102 
Accrued interest on debentures   49,262    36,777 
Total current liabilities   1,373,548    1,006,900 
           
Total Liabilities   1,373,548    1,006,900 
           
Stockholders' deficiency:          
Preferred stock, Series A convertible, $0.0002 par value, 500,000 shares authorized; 345,000 and 355,000 shares issued and outstanding at December 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014, respectively   69    71 
Common stock $0.0002 par, 1,500,000,000 shares authorized; 1,370,953,255 and 539,674,567 shares issued and outstanding at December 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014, respectively   274,191    107,935 
Additional paid-in capital   20,545,939    20,200,743 
Accumulated deficit   (22,158,990)   (21,258,575)
Total Stockholders' Deficiency   (1,338,791)   (949,826)
Total Liabilities and Stockholders' Deficiency  $34,757   $57,074 

 

See notes to financial statements

 

 F-2 

 

 

3DIcon CORPORATION

STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

Years Ended December 31, 2015 and 2014

 

   2015   2014 
Income:          
Sales  $-   $15,000 
Grant income   5,122    70,748 
           
Total income   5,122    85,748 
           
Expenses:          
Research and development   47,738    198,550 
General and administrative   800,012    1,065,167 
Interest   57,787    75,735 
           
Total expenses   905,537    1,339,452 
           
Net loss  $(900,415)  $(1,253,704)
           
Loss per share:          
Basic and diluted  $(0.001)  $(0.003)
           
Weighted average shares outstanding, basic and diluted   885,586,389    394,420,243 

 

See notes to financial statements

 

 F-3 

 

 

3DIcon CORPORATION

STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN STOCKHOLDERS' DEFICIENCY

Years Ended December 31, 2015 and 2014

 

   Preferred Stock   Common Stock   Additional         
       Par       Par   Paid-In   Accumulated     
   Shares   Value   Shares   Value   Capital   Deficit   Total 
Balance December 31, 2013   195,000   $39    248,191,414   $49,638   $18,618,714   $(20,004,871)  $(1,336,480)
Warrants and options exercised   -    -    1,347    1    513,389    -    513,390 
Debentures converted   -    -    245,458,693    49,092    287,460    -    336,552 
Stock issued for services   -    -    28,205,571    5,641    102,859    -    108,500 
Stock issued for liabilities   -    -    13,131,828    2,626    3,641    -    6,267 
Preferred stock and options issued for cash   190,000    38    -    -    155,036    -    155,074 
Preferred stock converted to common shares   (30,000)   (6)   3,000,000    600    (594)   -    - 
Warrants issued to purchase common stock   -    -    -    -    34,926    -    34,926 
Shares subject to expired put calls restored   -    -    1,685,714    337    485,312    -    485,649 
Net loss for the year   -    -    -    -    -    (1,253,704)   (1,253,704)
Balance December 31, 2014   355,000    71    539,674,567    107,935    20,200,743    (21,258,575)   (949,826)
Warrants and options exercised   -    -    200    -    76,245    -    76,245 
Debentures converted   -    -    751,618,655    150,324    149,880    -    300,204 
Stock issued for services   -    -    46,747,170    9,350    50,651    -    60,001 
Stock issued for liabilities   -    -    31,912,663    6,382    68,618    -    75,000 
Preferred stock converted to common shares   (10,000)   (2)   1,000,000    200    (198)   -    - 
                                    
Net loss for the period   -    -    -    -    -    (900,415)   (900,415)
Balance December 31, 2015   345,000   $69    1,370,953,255   $274,191   $20,545,939   $(22,158,990)  $(1,338,791)

 

See notes to financial statements

 

 F-4 

 

 

3DIcon CORPORATION

STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

Years ended December 31, 2015 and 2014

 

   2015   2014 
Cash Flows from Operating Activities          
Net loss  $(900,415)  $(1,253,704)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:          
Stock issued for services   60,001    108,500 
Amortization of debt issuance costs   16,523    77,109 
           
Change in:          
Prepaid expenses and other assets   (4,172)   (3,230)
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities   685,572    420,911 
           
Net cash used in operating activities   (142,491)   (650,414)
           
Cash Flows from Financing Activities          
Proceeds from stock and warrant sales, exercise of warrants and warrant exercise advances   54,710    539,310 
Proceeds from issuance of debentures, notes and options   121,764    215,500 
Cash paid on debentures   (57,347)   (140,680)
           
Net cash provided by financing activities   119,127    614,130 
           
Net change in cash   (23,364)   (36,284)
Cash, beginning of period   34,485    70,769 
           
Cash, end of period  $11,121   $34,485 
           
Supplemental Disclosures          
Cash paid for interest  $28,462   $11,928 
Non-Cash Investing and Financing Activities          
Conversion of debentures to common stock (net)  $300,204   $336,552 
Stock issued to satisfy payables  $75,000   $6,267 

 

See notes to financial statements

 

 F-5 

 

 

3DIcon CORPORATION

NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

Note 1 – Organization and Operations

 

Organization

 

3DIcon Corporation (the "Company") was incorporated on August 11, 1995, under the laws of the State of Oklahoma as First Keating Corporation. The articles of incorporation were amended August 1, 2003 to change the name to 3DIcon Corporation. The initial focus of First Keating Corporation was to market and distribute books written by its founder, Martin Keating. During 2001, First Keating Corporation began to focus on the development of 360-degree holographic technology. The effective date of this transition is January 1, 2001, and the financial information presented is from that date through the current period. The Company accounted for this transition as a reorganization and accordingly, restated its capital accounts as of January 1, 2001. From January 1, 2001, the Company's primary activity has been the raising of capital in order to pursue its goal of becoming a significant participant in the development, commercialization and marketing of next generation 3D display technologies. 

 

Uncertainties

 

The accompanying financial statements have been prepared on a going concern basis. The Company is in the development stage and has insufficient revenue and capital commitments to fund the development of its planned product and to pay operating expenses.

 

The Company has realized a cumulative net loss of $22,158,990 for the period from inception (January 1, 2001) to December 31, 2015, and a net loss of $900,415 and $1,253,704 for the years ended December 31, 2015 and 2014, respectively.

 

The ability of the Company to continue as a going concern depends on the successful completion of the Company's capital raising efforts to fund the development of its planned products. The financial statements do not include any adjustments that might be necessary if the Company is unable to continue as a going concern.

 

Given the reduced reliance on federal funding discussed in Note 5, the Company is committed to exploring possible acquisitions, partnerships, or other strategic transactions involving direct or indirect funding for the Company. Accordingly, the Company formed a committee comprised of Mark Willner, Chairman of the Company’s Business Advisory Board, Doug Freitag and Victor Keen to lead in this effort. As the Company has previously reported, the Company’s technology has attracted significant interest and support from large and small companies and institutions, including Raytheon, Boeing, Lockheed, Schott Defense (our Joint Development Agreement partner), the Institute for Human Machine Cognition, and major health care institutions. Currently the Company is in conversations with several companies involving a possible affiliation or other strategic transaction.

 

Additionally, under the terms of the Golden State 4.75% Convertible Debenture due on December 31, 2016, Golden State is obligated to submit conversion notices in an amount such that Golden State receives 1% of the outstanding shares of the Company every calendar quarter for a period of one year. In connection with each conversion, Golden State is expected to simultaneously exercise a percentage of warrants equal to the percentage of the principal being converted. The warrants are exercisable at $381.50 per share. The number of warrants exercisable is subject to certain beneficial ownership limitations contained in the 4.75% Convertible Debenture (“the Beneficial Ownership Limitations”). The Beneficial Ownership Limitations prevent Golden State from converting on the 4.75% Convertible Debenture or exercising warrants if such conversion or exercise would cause Golden State’s holdings to exceed 9.99% of the Company’s issued and outstanding common stock. Subject to the Beneficial Ownership Limitations and provided that Golden State is able to sell the shares under Rule 144, Golden State is required to convert $85.71 of the 4.75% Convertible Debenture and exercise 857 warrants per month. Based upon the current stock price, the issued and outstanding shares as of December 31, 2015 and ignoring the impact of the Beneficial Ownership Limitations, the Company may receive up to $327,000 per month in funding for the duration of the debenture from Golden State as a result of warrant exercises. However, due to the Beneficial Ownership Limitations, the Company only received $54,710 in advances from Golden State during the year ended December 31, 2015. Such advances are recorded within warrant exercise advances on the balance sheets when received. 

 

 F-6 

 

 

The Company is in discussions with Golden State Equity Investors to modify the normal means by which we access funds. This would provide the Company with greater flexibility and control over the issuance of shares and not further limit our access to operating and growth capital.

 

Joint Development Agreement with Schott Defense

 

As part of our federal funding strategy we intend to effectively compete by forming interdisciplinary teams with potential strategic partners (large and small), academic and commercial laboratories, and systems integrators providing integrated data visualization solutions.  The first of these partnerships was reached in March 2014 when the Company signed a JDA with Schott, a federally focused subsidiary of Schott North America.  Schott is a world-class multi-billion dollar company with significant experience and success in partnering with federal agencies for development projects.  In addition, Schott is one of the world’s leaders in developing specialty glass for many applications, including display technology.  This partnership, coupled with the expertise of Doug Freitag, should facilitate the Company’s federal funding strategy and our ability to create the unique materials required to advance the CSpace technology. In December of 2015 Schott AG closed the development office, Schott Defense, in Washington, D.C. It is unclear how this may impact the JDA going forward. 

 

Additionally, the Company is continuing to pursue financing through private offering of debt or common stock. 

 

Note 2 – Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

 

Research and development

 

Research and development costs, including payments made to the University pursuant to the SRA, are expensed as incurred (see Note 4).

 

Stock-based compensation

 

The Company accounts for stock-based compensation arrangements for employees in accordance with Accounting Standards Codification ("ASC") No. 718, Compensation-Stock Compensation. The Company recognizes expenses for employee services received in exchange for stock based compensation based on the grant-date fair value of the shares awarded. The Company accounts for stock issued to non-employees in accordance with the provisions of ASC No. 718.

 

Income taxes

 

The Company accounts for income taxes in accordance with ASC No. 740, Income Taxes. This standard requires the recognition of deferred tax assets and liabilities for the estimated future tax consequences attributable to temporary differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases. In addition, this standard requires the recognition of future tax benefits, such as net operating loss carry forwards, to the extent that realization of such benefits is more likely than not. The amount of deferred tax liabilities or assets is calculated using tax rates in effect for the year in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rate is recognized in income in the period that includes the enactment date. Valuation allowances are established when necessary to reduce deferred tax assets to the amounts more likely than not to be realized.

 

Net loss per common share

 

The Company computes net loss per share in accordance with ASC No. 260, Earnings Per Share. Under the provisions of this standard, basic net loss per common share is based on the weighted-average outstanding common shares. Diluted net loss per common share is based on the weighted-average outstanding shares adjusted for the dilutive effect of warrants to purchase common stock and convertible debentures. Due to the Company's losses, such potentially dilutive securities are anti-dilutive for all periods presented. The weighted average number of potentially dilutive shares is 42,819,790 for the years ended December 31, 2015 and 2014. 

 

 F-7 

 

 

Use of estimates

 

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with U. S. generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues, expenses and the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities. Actual results could differ from the estimates and assumptions used. 

 

Debt issue costs

 

The Company defers and amortizes the legal and filing fees associated with long-term debt that is issued. These costs are primarily related to the convertible debentures, the majority of which have a one year term. The amortization is charged to operations over the one year term and then adjusted quarterly for debenture conversions to common stock.

 

Fair value of financial instruments

 

The following methods and assumptions were used to estimate the fair value of each class of financial instrument held by the Company:

 

Current assets and current liabilities – The carrying value approximates fair value due to the short maturity of these items.

 

Debentures payable – The fair value of the Company's debentures payable has been estimated by the Company based upon the liability's characteristics, including interest rate. The carrying value approximates fair value.

 

Note 3 – Recent Accounting Pronouncements

 

The following is a summary of recent accounting pronouncements that are relevant to the Company:

 

In April 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-03, Interest – Imputation of Interest (Subtopic 835-30), Simplifying the Presentation of Debt Issuance Costs. The amendments in ASU 2015-03 require that debt issuance costs related to a recognized debt liability be presented on the balance sheet as a direct deduction from the carrying amount of that debt liability, consistent with debt discounts. The recognition and measurement guidance for debt issuance costs are not affected by this update. The provisions of ASU 2015-03 are effective for financial statements issued for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2015, and interim periods within those fiscal years. The guidance in this ASU is to be applied on a retrospective basis. Early adoption is permitted. The adoption of this standard is not expected to have a material impact on the Company’s financial position and results of operations.

 

In August 2014, the FASB issued ASU 2014-15, Presentation of Financial Statements - Going Concern (Subtopic 205-40): Disclosure of Uncertainties about an Entity’s Ability to Continue as a Going Concern. The guidance requires an entity to evaluate whether there are conditions or events, in the aggregate, that raise substantial doubt about the entity’s ability to continue as a going concern within one year after the date that the financial statements are issued (or within one year after the financial statements are available to be issued when applicable) and to provide related footnote disclosures in certain circumstances. The guidance is effective for the annual period ending after December 15, 2016, and for annual and interim periods thereafter. Early application is permitted. The adoption of this standard is not expected to have a material impact on the Company’s financial position and results of operations.

 

The FASB has issued ASU 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers. This ASU supersedes the revenue recognition requirements in FASB ASC 605 - Revenue Recognition and most industry-specific guidance throughout the Codification. The standard requires that an entity recognizes revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the company expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. On July 9, 2015, the FASB deferred the effective date of ASU No. 2014-09 from annual periods beginning after December 15, 2016 to annual periods beginning after December 15, 2017. This ASU should be applied retrospectively to each prior reporting period presented or retrospectively with the cumulative effect of initially applying the ASU recognized at the date of initial application. The adoption of this standard is not expected to have a material impact on the Company’s financial position and results of operations. 

 

 F-8 

 

 

The FASB has issued ASU 2014-12, Compensation - Stock Compensation (ASC Topic 718): Accounting for Share-Based Payments When the Terms of an Award Provide That a Performance Target Could Be Achieved after the Requisite Service Period. This ASU requires that a performance target that affects vesting, and that could be achieved after the requisite service period, be treated as a performance condition. As such, the performance target should not be reflected in estimating the grant date fair value of the award. This update further clarifies that compensation cost should be recognized in the period in which it becomes probable that the performance target will be achieved and should represent the compensation cost attributable to the period(s) for which the requisite service has already been rendered. The amendments in this ASU are effective for annual periods and interim periods within those annual periods beginning after December 15, 2015. Earlier adoption is permitted. The adoption of this standard did not have a material impact on the Company's financial position and results of operations.

 

Note 4 – Sponsored Research Agreement ("SRA") Common Stock Subject to Put Rights and Call Right

 

Since April 20, 2002, the Company has entered into a number of SRA’s with the University of Oklahoma (“OU”) as follows:

 

Phase I: “Pilot Study to Investigate Digital Holography,” April 20, 2004. The Company paid OU $14,116.

 

Phase II: “Investigation of 3-Dimensional Display Technologies,” April 15, 2005, as amended. The Company paid OU $528,843.

 

Phase III: “3-Dimensional Display Development.” The Company made partial payment to OU by issuing 121,849 post-split equivalent shares (4,264,707 pre-split shares) with a market price of $290,000 on October 14, 2008 and final payment on December 1, 2010 in the amount of $525,481 of which $40,481 was in cash and 1,685,714 post-split equivalent shares (59,000,000 pre-split) of Company stock (the “Shares”). The Shares were subject to an OU ‘put’ right and a 3Dicon ‘call’ right.

 

OU “Put” Rights on the Shares

First “put” period: December 1, 2012 to November 30, 2013. If the shares (held plus previously sold) were valued at less than $100,000 then OU could “put” one-tenth of the shares for $50,000 plus accrued interest retro-active to December 1, 2012 less the value of sold shares.

 

Second “put” period: December 1, 2013 to November 30, 2014. If the shares (held & previously sold) were valued at less than $970,000 than OU could “put” the remaining shares for $485,000 plus accrued interest retro-active to December 1, 2012 less the value of shares previously sold or redeemed during the first “put.”

 

The “put” periods expired without OU taking any action. The shares have therefore been restored to the equity section of the Balance Sheet as of December 31, 2014 as the shares are no longer subject to the put and call options.

 

3DIcon “Call” rights on the Shares

Commencing December 1, 2012, the Company shall have the right to “call” the shares for an amount equal to $970,000 less the amount (if any) of prior shares by OU including amounts “put” to 3DIcon.

 

The SRA also amended the previously existing agreements between the Company and OU such that all intellectual property, including all inventions and or discoveries, patentable or un-patentable, developed before July 28, 2008 by OU under the SRA is owned by OU. All intellectual property, including all inventions and/or discoveries, patentable or un-patentable, developed jointly by the Company and OU at any time is jointly owned by the Company and OU. Finally, all intellectual property developed by the Company after July 28, 2008, including all inventions and or discoveries, patentable or un-patentable, is owned by the Company.

 

 F-9 

 

 

Note 5 – OCAST Grant

 

In July 2013, the Company was awarded a two year grant from OCAST. This was the second $300,000 grant received from OCAST. The first grant was completed in August 2012. This matching grant was for a total of $300,000 and commenced September 1, 2013. The Company received $5,122 in funding during the year ended December 31, 2015. The funds were being used to support the development of the Company’s first Product Platform, which will be the basis for a family of products based on the Company’s CSpace® volumetric 3D display technology.

 

The grant was cancelled in March 2015 upon the resignation of Dr. Hakki Refai, the principal investigator under the grant.

 

Note 6 – Consulting Agreements

 

Concordia Financial Group

 

The Company entered into a one-year Independent Consulting Agreement with Concordia Financial Group (“Concordia”) effective November 1, 2007, and month-to-month thereafter. Under the terms of the agreement Concordia will serve as liaison to Golden State Investors, Inc. and provide business strategy services by assisting the Company by reviewing and evaluating the Company's plans, personnel, board composition, technology, development of business models, building financial models for projections, developing materials to describe the Company, developing capital sources and assisting and advising the Company in its financial negotiations with capital sources. Concordia also advises with respect to effective registration of offerings of Company securities, the management team, the Company's development of near and long-term budgets, marketing strategies and plans, and assists in presentations related to the above services. Concordia is paid a monthly fee of $15,750. Concordia, at its option, may take up to 100% of this monthly fee in registered stock at 50% discount to market; and the Company, at its option, may pay up to 50% of Concordia's monthly invoice in registered stock, at 50% discount to market, provided that the payment of stock is made within ten (10) days of receipt of invoice and further provided that the stock trades above $.30 per share at any time during the last business day of the month. Market is defined as the five day average of closing prices immediately preceding the last business day of the calendar month in which the invoiced services were rendered. The monthly fee was reduced to $15,000 monthly effective June 1, 2013 under the revised terms of the agreement.  Effective March 1, 2014 the agreement was revised again to reduce the monthly fee to $12,500 monthly. The Company incurred consulting fees of $150,000 and $155,000, respectively for services from Concordia during each of the years ended December 31, 2015 and 2014, under the terms of the agreement. 

  

Bayside Materials Technology

 

The Company entered into a Consulting Agreement with Bayside Material Technology (“Bayside”) effective November 1, 2013. Under the terms of the agreement Bayside will provide consulting services in the area of Federal Business Development. Bayside is paid an hourly fee of $176 for each hour of consulting time. The Company incurred consulting fees of $54,330 and $90,244 for the years ended December 31, 2015 and 2014 respectively.

 

Note 7 – Debentures and Notes Payable

 

Debentures payable consist of the following:

 

   December 31,   December 31, 
   2015   2014 
Senior convertible Debentures          
10% Convertible debenture to directors due June 30, 2016  $30,000   $30,000 
10% Convertible debenture due June 30, 2016   29,007    29,007 
4.75% Convertible debenture due December 2016   64,395    65,095 
5% Convertible note due December 2015   -    74,502 
10% Convertible bridge notes due August 2015   -    147,187 
10% Convertible bridge note to director due June 30, 2016   60,000    60,000 
Total Debentures Payable  $183,402   $405,791 

 

 F-10 

 

 

10% Convertible Debentures to Directors due June 30, 2016

 

On June 24, 2013, the Company issued to Victor Keen and Martin Keating, Directors of the Company, (“Directors”) 10% convertible debentures in a principal amount of $15,000 each, due June 26, 2014 and subsequently extended to December 31, 2015. The Directors may elect to convert all or any portion of the outstanding principal amount of the debentures at an exercise price of $0.01 per share. Provided that the debentures are paid in full on or before the maturity date, no interest shall accrue on the unpaid balance of the principal amount. In the event that the debentures are not paid in full on or before the maturity date, interest shall accrue on the unpaid outstanding balance of the principal amount of the debentures from June 26, 2013, until paid, at the fixed rate of ten percent (10%) per annum. Accordingly, interest is being accrued under the terms of the debenture.

 

10% Convertible Debenture due Newton, O'Connor, Turner & Ketchum, due June 30, 2016

 

On December 20, 2012, the Company issued to Newton, O'Connor, Turner & Ketchum (“NOTK”) a 10% convertible debenture in a principal amount of $29,007, initially due September 30, 2013 and extended to December 31, 2015. NOTK may elect to convert all or any portion of the outstanding principal amount of the debenture at an exercise price of $0.02534 per share. The Company was indebted to NOTK for legal services performed for the Company and reimbursement of expenses in rendition of those services for the period ended December 31, 2012. The debenture was issued in settlement of the indebtedness.

 

4.75% Convertible Debenture due December 31, 2016

 

On November 3, 2006, the Company issued to Golden State a 4.75% convertible debenture in a principal amount of $100,000, due December 31, 2014, subsequently extended to December 31, 2016 and warrants to buy 28,571 shares of the common stock at an exercise price of $381.50 per share. In connection with each conversion, Golden State is expected to simultaneously exercise a percentage of warrants equal to the percentage of the principal being converted. During the year ended December 31, 2015, Golden State converted $700 of the $100,000 debenture into 59,974,884 shares of common stock, exercised warrants to purchase 200 shares of common stock at $381.50 per share based on the formula in the convertible debenture. Additionally Golden State advanced $54,710 against future exercises of warrants of which $76,246 was applied to the exercise of warrants leaving $55 of unapplied advances at December 31, 2015. The conversion price for the 4.75% $100,000 convertible debenture is the lesser of (i) $140 or (ii) 80% of the average of the five lowest volume weighted average prices during the twenty (20) trading days prior to the conversion. If Golden State elects to convert a portion of the debenture and, on the day that the election is made, the volume weighted average pre-split price is below $0.70, the Company shall have the right to prepay that portion of the debenture that Golden State elected to convert, plus any accrued and unpaid interest, at 135% of such amount. 

 

5% Convertible Bridge Notes due December 2015

 

On June 6, 2012 and August 1, 2012, the Company issued and sold convertible promissory notes (the “5% Notes") in aggregate principal amount of $415,000 to JMJ Financial (“JMJ”). The 5% Notes includes a $40,000 original issue discount (the “OID”) that will be prorated based on the advances actually paid to the Company. During 2015, JMJ earned $13,504 OID and accrued interest. During 2015, JMJ converted $63,504 of the 5% Notes into 43,000,000 shares of common stock at an average of $0.002 per share based on the formula in the 5% Notes. In addition to the OID, the 5% Notes provides for a one-time interest charge of 5% to be applied to the principal sum advanced. Pursuant to the terms of 5% Notes, JMJ may, at its election, convert all or a part of the $275,000 note and the $140,000 note into shares of the Company's common stock at a conversion rate equal to the lesser of (i) $0.15 and $0.35, respectively or (ii) 70% of the lowest trade price during the twenty-five trading days prior to JMJ’s election to convert. If the Company repays the 5% Notes on or before ninety days from the date it was issued, the interest rate will be zero percent. If the Company does not repay the 5% Notes on or before ninety days from the date it was issued, a one-time interest charge of 5% shall be applied to the principal. The Company did not repay the 5% Notes within the ninety day period. The principal of the 5% Notes is due one year from the date of each of the principal amounts advanced.  

 

 F-11 

 

 

10% Convertible Debenture due August 2015

 

On August 15, 2014, the Company issued and sold to an accredited investor a Convertible Debenture (the “10% Debenture”) in the principal amount of $150,000. The 10% Debenture included a 3% original issue discount. Accordingly, the Company received $145,500 gross proceeds, from which the Company paid legal and fees of $5,000. During the year ended December 31, 2015, the holder of the 10% Debenture, converted $150,000 of the 10% Debenture and $15,000 of accrued interest into 172,431,667 shares of common stock at an average of $0.0001 per share based on the formula in the 5% Notes. The 10% Debenture has a maturity date of August 15, 2015 and carries a 10% interest rate. Subject to a 4.99% beneficial ownership limitation, the holder of the 10% Debenture may, at any time, elect to convert all or any portion of the outstanding principal amount of the 10% Debenture into shares of Common Stock at a conversion price equal Sixty Five Percent (65%) of the lowest traded VWAP, determined on the then current trading market for the Company’s common stock, for 15 trading days prior to conversion.

 

10% Convertible Bridge Note due June 30, 2016

 

On September 11, 2012, the Company issued and sold to Victor F. Keen, a Director and an accredited investor a Convertible Bridge Note (the “Keen Bridge Note”) in the principal amount of $60,000. The sale of the Keen Bridge Notes in the principal of $60,000 included a $10,000 OID. The Keen Bridge Note matured 90 days from the date of issuance and, other than the OID, the Keen Bridge Note does not carry interest. However, in the event the Keen Bridge Note is not paid on maturity, all past due amounts will accrue interest at 15% per annum. Upon maturity, the holders may elect to convert any or all of any portion of outstanding principal. On March 16, 2015, Mr. Keen agreed to extend the maturity of the Note from December 31, 2014 to June 30, 2016 and to waive, if any, existing or prior defaults under the Keen Bridge Note or the Keen SPA. 

 

5% Convertible Note due March 2017

 

In March 2015, the Company issued and sold a convertible note (the “March 2015 5% Note") in aggregate Principal Sum of $250,000 to JMJ. The 5% Note includes a $25,000 OID that will be prorated based on the advances actually paid (the “Principal Sum”) to the Company. During the year ended December 31, 2015, JMJ advanced $30,000 on the 5% Note and earned $3,084 of OID. In addition to the OID, the March 2015 5% Note provides for a one-time interest charge of 5% to be applied to the Principal Sum. If the Company repays the 5% Note on or before ninety days from the date of the principal amount advanced, the interest rate will be zero percent. If the Company does not repay the March 2015 5% Note on or before ninety days from the date of the advance, a one-time interest charge of 5% shall be applied to the Principal Sum. Pursuant to the terms of March 2015 5% Note, JMJ may, at its election, convert all or a part of the $250,000 note into shares of the Company's common stock at a conversion rate 70% of the lowest trade price during the twenty-five trading days prior to JMJ’s election to convert. The principal of the March 2015 5% Note is due two years from the date of each of the principal amounts advanced. During the year ended December 31, 2015, JMJ converted $33,084 of the 5% Debenture into 199,128,571 shares of common stock at an average of $0.0002 per share based on the formula in the 5% Notes.

 

22% Promissory Note due March 2016

 

In March 2015, the Company issued and sold a convertible note (the “5% Promissory Note") in aggregate Principal Sum of $87,500 to Typenex Co-Investment, LLC, (“Typenex”). The 5% Promissory Note includes a $7,500 OID that will be prorated based on the advances actually paid to the Company. Accordingly during 2015, the Company received $80,000 gross proceeds from which the Company paid legal and documentation fees of $20,000 and placement agent fees of $6,750. In addition to the OID, the 5% Promissory Note provides for a one-time interest charge of 5% to be applied to the principal of the 5% Promissory Note. If the Company repays the 5% Promissory Note on or before ninety days from the date of the principal amount advanced, the interest rate will be zero percent. If the Company does not repay the 5% Promissory Note on or before ninety days from the date of the advance, a one-time interest charge of 5% shall be applied to the Principal Sum. Accordingly, $8,066 of interest has been added to the note. Pursuant to the terms of 5% Promissory Note, Typenex may, at its election, convert all or a part of the $87,500 principal and interest thereon of the 5% Promissory Note into shares of the Company's common stock at a conversion rate 70% of the lowest trade price during the twenty-five trading days prior to the election to convert. Under the terms of the 5% Promissory Note, the company is required to maintain a reserve of authorized and unissued common stock equal to three times the number of common shares necessary to convert the total outstanding balance of the 5% Note (the “Share Reserve”). On July 28, 2015 the Company informed Typenex that there were insufficient common stock available to maintain the Share Reserve and therefore an event of default occurred. Under the terms of the default, a 15% default interest rate is applied to the outstanding principle of the note and the note begins to accrue interest at 22%. Accordingly, $13,781 of default interest was added to the note and the note began accruing interest at 22%. During the year ended December 31, 2015, Typenex converted $52,000 of the 5% Note into 277,083,333 shares of common stock at an average of $0.0002 per share based on the formula in the 5% Note. Additionally the Company paid Typenex $57,347 in settlement fees under the terms of the note and retired the remaining balance of the note. The principal of the 5% Promissory Note was due one year from the March 2015 effective date.

 

 F-12 

 

 

Note 8 – Common Stock and Paid-In Capital

 

Downgraded from the OTCQB to the OTC Pink

 

On September 2, 2014, the Company received notification from OTC Markets that because the Company’s common stock, which trades under the symbol TDCP, has not had a minimum closing bid price of $.01 during a thirty day period; it was downgraded from the OTCQB to the OTC Pink, effective September 3, 2014. On March 26, 2014, OTC Markets had announced a series of rule changes to take place between May 1, 2014 and April 1, 2015. These rules set forth new qualifications and fees for quotation of securities on the various tiers of OTC Markets. One such change requires that a company’s stock have a minimum closing bid price of $.01 for at least one day in any consecutive thirty day period to continue being quoted on the OTCQB.

 

The Company has the option of filing an application for reinstatement to have its common stock quoted on the OTCQB. The Company’s common stock could be reinstated to the OTCQB commencing at such time as it has had a minimum closing bid price of $.01 for any consecutive 30 day period. The downgrading of the Company’s common stock from the OTCQB to the OCT Pink will have no effect on the common stock’s ability to trade or its DWAC (method of electronic transfer of shares) eligibility.

 

Warrants Issued

 

As of December 31, 2015, NOTK has warrants outstanding to purchase 125,098 shares of common stock at a price of $3.15 per share that expire on September 30, 2016 and warrants to purchase 96,024 shares of common stock at a price of $3.15 per share that expires on September 1, 2016. Golden State has warrants outstanding to purchase 18,395 shares of common stock at a price of $381.50 per share which expires December 31, 2016. Global Capital has warrants outstanding to purchase 300,000 shares of common stock at a price of $0.0032 per shares which expire on March 31, 2019. Additionally from the preferred stock issuance, there are 6,000,000 warrants outstanding to purchase common shares at $0.0055 per share which expire December 31, 2017 and 13,250,000 warrants outstanding that were issued to Victor Keen, the CEO and Director of the Company, which expire on January 17, 2018.

 

Common stock and options issued for services and liabilities

 

During the year ended December 31, 2015, shares of common stock totaling 46,747,170 were issued for consulting services for which the Company recognized $60,001 of expense. Additionally, during the year ended December 31, 2015, shares totaling 31,912,663 were issued to consultants for previous services provided to the Company for which the accounts payable liability was reduced by $75,000.

 

Private Placement

 

On December 9, 2013 and December 11, 2013 the Company closed on $195,000 in a private placement (the “Private Placement”) contemplated by a Securities Purchase Agreement (the “Securities Purchase Agreement”), dated December 9, 2013, pursuant to which the Company sold 195,000 Units (as defined below) to accredited investors (each, an “Investor” and collectively, the “Investors”), one of whom was Victor Keen, the Company’s Chief Executive Officer and a member of the board of directors of the Company. Accordingly, at the closings, the Company issued (i) 195,000 shares of its newly designated Series A Convertible Preferred Stock (the “Series A Preferred”), and (ii) warrants (“Warrants”) to purchase an aggregate of 9,750,000 shares of Common Stock for gross proceed of $195,000.

 

 F-13 

 

 

On January 23, 2014, the Company sold to Victor Keen, the Company’s Chief Executive Officer and a member of the Company’s Board of Directors, 190,000 Units for a purchase price of $190,000, as part of the Private Placement (as defined therein) disclosed in the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on December 13, 2013. Pursuant to such Private Placement, the Company has now received aggregate proceeds equal to $385,000. Such Private Placement is now closed.

 

Under the terms of the Securities Purchase Agreement, the Company sold units (“Units”) consisting of: (i) one share of Series A Convertible Preferred Stock and (ii) Warrants to purchase fifty (50) shares of Common Stock. The purchase price of each Unit was $1.00. The total purchase price of the securities sold in the Private Placement was $385,000. 

 

The terms of the Series A Convertible Preferred Stock and Warrants are as follows:

 

Series A Convertible Preferred Stock

 

A total of 500,000 shares of Series A Convertible Preferred Stock (the “Series A Preferred Stock”) have been authorized for issuance under the Certificate of Designation of Preferences, Rights and Limitation of Series A Convertible Preferred Stock of 3DIcon Corporation (the “Certificate of Designation”), which Certificate of Designation was filed with the Secretary of State of the State of Oklahoma on December 11, 2013. The shares of Series A Preferred Stock have a par value of $0.0002 per share (the “Stated Value”), and shall receive a dividend of 6% of their Stated Value per annum. Under the Certificate of Designation, the holders of the Series A Preferred Stock have the following rights, preferences and privileges:

 

The Series A Preferred Stock may, at the option of the Investor, be converted at any time after the first anniversary of the issuance of the Series A Preferred Stock or from time to time thereafter into 50,000,000 shares of Common Stock that Such Investor is entitled to in proportion to the 500,000 shares of Series A Preferred so designated in the Certificate of Designation.

 

The Series A Preferred Stock will automatically be converted into Common Stock anytime the 5 day average VWAP of the Company’s Common Stock prior to such conversion is equal to $0.05 or more. Such mandatory conversion would be converted by the same method described above for discretionary conversions. 

 

Except as otherwise required by law, the holders of shares of Series A Preferred Stock shall not have voting rights or powers.

 

In the event of any (i) liquidation, dissolution or winding up of the Company, whether voluntary or involuntary, or ii) sale, merger, consolidation, reorganization or other transaction that results in a change of control of the Company, each holder of a share of Series A Preferred shall be entitled to receive, subject to prior preferences and other rights of any class or series of stock of the Company senior to the Series A Preferred, but prior and in preference to any distribution of any of the assets or surplus funds of the Company to holders of Common Stock, or any other class or series of stock of the Company junior to the Series A Preferred, an amount equal to the Stated Value plus accrued and unpaid dividends (as adjusted for any stock dividends, combinations or splits with respect to such shares) (the “Preference Amount”). After such payment has been made to the holders of Series A Preferred of the full Preference Amount to which such holders shall be entitled, the remaining net assets of the Company available for distribution, if any, shall be distributed pro rata among the holders of Common Stock. In the event the funds or assets legally available for distribution to the holders of Series A Preferred are insufficient to pay the Preference Amount, then all funds or assets available for distribution to the holders of capital stock shall be paid to the holders of Series A Preferred pro rata based on the full Preference Amount to which they are entitled.

 

The Company may not declare, pay or set aside any dividends on shares of any class or series of capital stock of the Company (other than dividends on shares of Common Stock payable in shares of Common Stock) unless the holders of the Series A Preferred Stock shall first receive, or simultaneously receive, a dividend on each outstanding share of Series A Preferred in an amount equal to the dividend per share that such holders would have received had they converted their shares of Series A Preferred into shares of Common Stock immediately prior to the record date for the declaration of the Common Stock dividend in an amount equal to the average VWAP during the 5 trading days prior to the date such dividend is due.

 

 F-14 

 

 

Warrants

 

Each Unit under the Securities Purchase Agreement consists of Warrants entitling the Investor to purchase fifty (50) shares of Common Stock for each share of Series A Preferred purchased by such Investor in the Private Placement, at an initial exercise price per share of $0.0055. The exercise price and number of shares of Common Stock issuable under the Warrants are subject to adjustments for stock dividends, splits, combinations and similar events. On or after the first anniversary of the issuance of the Warrants and prior to close of business on fourth anniversary of the issuance of the Warrants and may be exercised at any time upon the election of the holder, provided however, that an Investor may at any given time convert only up to that number of shares of Common Stock so that, upon conversion, the aggregate beneficial ownership of the Company’s Common Stock (calculated pursuant to Rule 13d-3 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended) of such Investor and all persons affiliated with such Investor, is not more than 4.99% of the Company’s Common Stock then outstanding (subject to adjustment up to 9.99% at the Investor’s discretion upon 61 days’ prior notice). 

 

The $34,926 estimated fair value of warrants for common stock issued in 2014 was determined using the Black-Scholes option pricing model. The expected dividend yield of $0 is based on the average annual dividend yield at the date issued. Expected volatility of 180% is based on the historical volatility of the stock. The risk-free interest rate of 1.64% is based on the U.S. Treasury Constant Maturity rates as of the issue date. The expected life of the warrants of four years is based on historical exercise behavior and expected future experience.

 

The following summary reflects warrant and option activity for the year ended December 31, 2015:

 

   Attached   Golden State     
   Warrants   Warrants   Options 
Outstanding December 31, 2014   19,771,122    18,595    23,030,274 
Granted/purchased   -    -    - 
Exercised   -    (200)   - 
Cancelled   -    -    - 
Outstanding December 31, 2015   19,771,122    18,395    23,030,274 

  

Stock options are valued at the date of award, which does not precede the approval date, and compensation cost is recognized in the period the options are granted. Stock options generally become exercisable on the date of grant and expire based on the terms of each grant.

 

The estimated fair value of options for common stock granted was determined using the Black-Scholes option pricing model. The expected dividend yield is based on the average annual dividend yield as of the grant date. Expected volatility is based on the historical volatility of our stock. The risk-free interest rate is based on the U.S. Treasury Constant Maturity rates as of the grant date. The expected life of the option is based on historical exercise behavior and expected future experience.

 

Note 9 – Incentive Stock Plan

 

In March 2014, the Company established the 3DIcon Corporation 2014 Equity Incentive Plan (the “2014 EIP”). The total number of shares of stock which may be purchased or granted directly by options, stock awards or restricted stock purchase offers, or purchased indirectly through exercise of options granted under the 2014 EIP shall not exceed fifty million (50,000,000) shares. The shares are included in a registration statement filed March 2014. Shares totaling 6,793,478 were issued from the 2014 EIP during 2015 for services rendered. As of December 31, 2015, there were 750,103 shares available for issuance under the 2014 EIP.

 

 F-15 

 

 

In March 2015, the Company established the 3DIcon Corporation 2015 Equity Incentive Plan (the “2015 EIP”). The total number of shares of stock which may be purchased or granted directly by options, stock awards or restricted stock purchase offers, or purchased indirectly through exercise of options granted under the 2015 EIP shall not exceed eighty-five million (85,000,000) shares. The shares are included in a registration statement filed March, 2015. Shares totaling 71,866,355 were issued from the 2015 EIP during 2015 for legal and consulting services rendered. There are 13,133,645 shares available for issuance under the 2015 EIP as of December 31, 2015.

 

Note 10 – Office Lease 

 

The Company had an Office Lease that expired on July 31, 2015. An amendment to the Office Lease was signed on July 2, 2015. Under the terms of the amendment the lease is extended for thirty-six months and will expire on July 31, 2018. The minimum future lease payments to be paid under the term of the three-year non-cancellable amended lease total $60,000 and are payable as follows:

 

2016   23,000 
2017   23,000 
2018   14,000 
Total  $60,000 

 

Note 11 – Related Party Transaction

 

3DIcon has engaged the law firm of Newton, O’Connor, Turner & Ketchum as its outside corporate counsel since 2005. John O’Connor, a director of 3DIcon, is the Chairman of Newton, O’Connor, Turner & Ketchum. During the years ended December 31, 2015 and 2014, the Company incurred legal fees to Newton, O’Connor, Turner & Ketchum in the amount of $2,474, and $3,360, respectively.

 

Mr. Victor F. Keen, Chief Executive Officer of the Company, has entered into several advancement transactions, whereby Mr. Keen provided funds to the Company. Specifically, Mr. Keen advanced the Company $145,000 in October 2015 and $103,000 in July, August, and September 2015. In addition, Mr. Keen has previously advanced the Company $34,000 in November 2014. The total amount of these advancements by Mr. Keen to the Company, as of December 31, 2015, is $282,000 and is included in accounts payable.   The Company is also indebted to Mr. Keen for his accrued salary from January 1, 2014 through December 31, 2015 totaling $300,000 and is included in accrued salaries. Additionally, Mr. Keen holds two convertible debentures (see Note 4 to the financial statements) totaling $75,000 which are included in debentures payable. 

 

Note 12 – Subsequent Events

 

Common stock issued for services and liabilities

 

Subsequent to December 31, 2015, 8,445,946 shares of common stock were issued for 2015 consulting services for which the Company reduced accounts payable by $12,500.

 

Subsequent to December 31, 2015, 5,000,000 shares of common stock were issued for 2015 consulting services for which the Company reduced accounts payable by $4,500.

 

Subsequent to December 31, 2015, the Company issued an aggregate of 1,589,010 shares of the Company’s Series B Convertible Preferred Stock (the “Series B Preferred”) in connection with Securities Purchase Agreements (the “Securities Purchase Agreements”) dated December 11, 2015. Pursuant the Securities Purchase Agreements, the Company had agreed to issue, and on March 23, 2016 issued, to certain officers, directors, consultants and service providers (collectively, “Recipients”) and the Recipients had agreed to accept, and on March 23, 2016 received, shares of Series B Preferred in consideration for the satisfaction, in lieu of cash payment, of an aggregate of $1,105,4032 owed by the Company to the Recipients. Series B Preferred may be converted in whole or in part, from time to time, into One Thousand Nine Hundred Fourteen (1,914) shares of Common Stock. Among the Recipients were (i) Victor F. Keen, the Company’s Chief Executive Officer, who received 1,193,582 shares of Series B Preferred in satisfaction of $685,355 owed to him under certain notes, in connection with certain advances he provided to the Company and for services he provided to the Company; (ii) Ronald W. Robinson, the Company’s Chief Financial Officer, who received 85,771 shares of Series B Preferred in satisfaction of $90,291 owed to him for services he provided to the Company; (iii) Martin Keating, a Director of the Company, who received 19,266 shares of Series B Preferred in satisfaction of $20,281 owed to him under certain notes and for services he provided to the Company; and (iv) Newton, O'Connor, Turner & Ketchum, PC, a law firm of which John O’Connor, a Director of the Company, is a partner, that received 50,149 shares of Series B Preferred in satisfaction of $52,791 owed to it for services provided to the Company.

 

Keen Bridge Note

 

Victor Keen, a Director on the Board of Directors of the Company, extended the Keen Bridge note to June 30, 2016.

 

 F-16